Psychological maladjustment in students of secondary and higher education: a comparative analysis

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Abstract

To study the psychological maladjustment in students of secondary vocational and higher education, we carried out psychodiagnostic examination of 162 subjects enrolled in various departments in the humanities and technical disciplines, among them there were 64 students of secondary vocational education and 98 students of higher education. The average age of the students is 17 years. It was found that students of higher education compared to students of colleges, show higher level of emotional maladjustment symptoms. Level of psychological maladjustment in college students depends on the intensity of social stress. Only 3 % of those surveyed college students have social stress level in the normal range. The results of the survey indicate the need to develop differentiated models of aid to students of higher and secondary specialized educational institutions in accordance with their social situation of development and severity of various symptoms of emotional maladjustment.

General Information

Keywords: emotional maladjustment, psychological maladjustment, social anxiety, affective spectrum disorders, risk of suicidal behavior.

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Gorchakova V.A., Landa L.A., Matytsyna V.A., Krasnova-Goleva V.V., Klimenkova E.N., Kholmogorova A.B. Psychological maladjustment in students of secondary and higher education: a comparative analysis. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2013. Vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 5–14. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Vera A. Gorchakova, e-mail: gorchakovava@mgppu.ru

L. A. Landa, Educational Psychologist, Psychological Support Department, State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

V. A. Matytsyna, Educational Psychologist, Psychological Support Department, State Budget Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Victoria V. Krasnova-Goleva, PhD in Psychology, esearch fellow of the laboratory of clinical psychology and psychotherapy, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: v.krasnova@inbox.ru

Elizaveta N. Klimenkova, Psychologist, school psychologist, the structural subdivision "Sevastopol", State professional educational establishment Complex «South-West», Moscow, Russia, e-mail: klimenkovaliza@gmail.com

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru