Professional Commitment and Professional Marginalism in Teachers

1495

Abstract

The article reviews teachers' attitudes towards the teaching profession which can be expressed both in professional commitment and in professional marginalism. The dominance of professional marginalism could affect destructively the students as well as the teacher’s personality, hence the issues related to the content of personal position of a marginal and the rate of marginalism among teachers. It was suggested that marginalism could be revealed in the study of professional commitment. The study involved 81 teachers of Sverdlovsk secondary schools aged 21—60 years with work experience ranging from 1 month to 39 years. The Professional Commitment Questionnaire was used as the study technique. The results showed that negative emotional attitude towards the profession and reluctance to leave the profession were grouped as a separate factor. The dispersion factor was 12,5%. The factor loadings ranged from 0.42 to 0.84. The study proved that professional marginalism in teachers includes dissatisfaction with work, feelings of resentment against profession and an unwillingness to leave the profession.

General Information

Keywords: professional commitment, professional loyalty, professional outcast, professional identity, measuring professional commitment

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2017220501

For citation: Kalashnikov A.I., Minyurova S.A. Professional Commitment and Professional Marginalism in Teachers. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2017. Vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 5–13. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2017220501. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Dementii L.I. Problemy professional’noi identichnostii marginal’nosti v situatsii soznatel’noi smeny professii [The problem professional identity and marginality in change profession situation]. Izvestiya Altaiskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: «Pedagogikai psikhologiya» [Izvestiya of the Altai State University. Series: «Pedagogy and Psychology»], 2009, no. 2,pp. 48—53. (in Russ.).
  2. Ermolaeva E.P. Professional’naya identichnost’ imarginalizm: kontseptsiya i real’nost’ (stat’ya pervaya) [The professional identity and marginality: concept and reality (first article)]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological journal], 2001. Vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 51—59.
  3. Kalashnikov A.I. O dinamike professional’noi priverzhennosti shkol’nykh uchitelei [About teachers professional commitment dynamic]. Munitsipal’noe obrazovanie: innovatsii i eksperiment [Municipal Education: Innovation and Experiment], 2016, no. 1,pp. 30—34. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Minyurova S.A. Professional’nyi marginalizm v sfere vysshego obrazovaniya [The professional marginality in the higher education field]. In Minyurova S.A. (ed.), Psikhologicheskie problemy razvitiya isushchestvovaniya cheloveka v sovremennom mire [Psychological problems of human development and existence in the contemporary world]. Yekaterinburg: Ural. gos. ped. un-t, 2004, pp. 128—134.
  5. Minyurova S.A. Kalashnikov A.I. Oprosnik professional’noi priverzhennosti [The professional commitment test]. Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of Psychology], 2017, no. 1, pp. 159—166.
  6. Minyurova S.A. Kalashnikov A.I. Razrabotka metodiki diagnostiki professional’noi priverzhennosti: opredelenie soderzhanie fenomena [The development of the test for the diagnostic of the professional commitment: specification content the phenomenon]. Innovatsionnye proekty i programmy v obrazovanii [Innovative projects and programs in education], 2015,no. 5, pp. 35—41.
  7. Charina E.V., Alekseenko M.O. Lichnostnye osobennosti i proyavleniya professional’nogo marginalizma [Elektronnyi resurs] [The personal specifics and professional marginality]. Materialy Des`atoi mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii «Aktual’nye voprosy psikhologii» (g. Krasnodar, 5 maya 2016 g.) [Materials of the Tenth International Scientific and Practical Conference «Actual Questions of Psychology»]. Krasnodar: Publ. SPC «Apriori», 2016, pp. 1—8. URL: http://www.apriorinauka.ru/electronic-arc/Aktualnye-voprosy-psihologii/id/222 (Accessed: 07.04.2017).
  8. Usacheva I.A. Eksperimental’noe issledovanie professional’nykh destruktsii pedagoga [Experimental research of professional teacher’s destructions]. Vestnik Universiteta (Gosudarstvennyi universitet upravleniya). Razdel IV. Pedagogika, psikhologiya, sotsiologiya, filosofiya [Issue of the University (State University of Management). Part IV. Pedagogy, psychology, sociology, philosophy], 2014, no. 3, pp. 271—273.
  9. Bagraim Jeffrey. The Dimensionality of professional commitment. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 2003. Vol. 29(2), pp. 6—9. doi: 10.4102/sajip.v29i2.104
  10. Meyer John et al. Commitment to organizations and occupations: extension and test of a three component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology,1993. Vol. 78 (4), pp. 538—551. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.78.4.538

Information About the Authors

Alexander I. Kalashnikov, Senior Lecturer, Chair of General Psychology, Institute of Psyhology, Ural State Pedagogical University, Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: a.i.kalashnikov@mail.ru

Svetlana A. Minyurova, Doctor of Psychology, professor, Rector, Head of Chair of General Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Ural State Pedagogical University, Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail: minyurova@uspu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2581
Previous month: 8
Current month: 0

Downloads

Total: 1495
Previous month: 3
Current month: 0