Specifics of the Relationship between Motivation and Values in High School Students of Different Sex and Age



The paper presents outcomes of a research on sex and age specificity of motivational and value-based attitude to learning in high school students.The study involved schoolchildren of 8—11 grades (aged 14 to 17 years) of two Moscow schools with a traditional learning paradigm.The students’ motives were revealed by factor analysis of their answers to 70 statements, in four selected groups of boys and girls separately.A total of 328 people were interviewed, including 94 boys of the younger group (8—9 grades) and 75 boys of the senior group (10—11 grades), 90 girls of the younger group (grades 8-9) and 69 girls of the senior group (10—11 grades).Correlations between the nature of motivation and value orientations were also identified based on the ranking of 12 terminal (according to Rokich) and 10 learning values: common protocols were obtained for 67 boys (8—9 classes) and 53 boys (10—11 classes), 60 girls (8 9 classes) and 59 girls (10—11 classes).As a result, it was revealed that the age-related changes in motivation and its relationship with values at high school age have a pronounced sex-based specificity.For boys, successful learning in the process of growing up remains a means for approval and self-affirmation, and the relationship between motivation and values is not consistent enough.As for girls, the relationship between achievement motivation, self-determination, self-affirmation and corresponding values becomes more consistent as they grow up, which indicates a more mature perception of the process of learning.

General Information

Keywords: motivation, values, high school students, sex, personality, development

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2018230606

For citation: Vartanova I.I. Specifics of the Relationship between Motivation and Values in High School Students of Different Sex and Age. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2018. Vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 67–74. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2018230606. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bern Sh.Gendernaya psikhologiya: Per.s angl.[Gender Psychology].Moscow: Praym-Evroznak, 2004.320 p.
  2. Bozhovich D. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie problemy razvitiya shkol’nika kak sub”ekta ucheniya: Didakticheskoe posobie [Psycho-pedagogical problems of the development of the student as a subject of teaching: Didactic manual].Voronezh: MODEK Publ.; Moscow: MPSI Publ., 2000.192 p.
  3. Bozhovich L.I.Lichnost’ i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and its formation in childhood].Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2009.400 p.
  4. Vartanova I. I.Psychological Features of Motivation and Values in High School Students of Different Sexes.Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2017, vol.22, no.3, pp.63—70.doi: 10.17759/ pse.2017220307 (In Russ., аin Engl.).
  5. Vartanova I.I., Judina A.V.Osobennosti vzaimosvyazei uchebnoi motivacii i lokusa kontrolya v gimnazii i shkole [Features of the interrelationships of educational motivation and locus in the gymnasium and school].In V.M. Allahverdov (ed.), Anan’evskie chteniya — 2015 [Ananiev Readings — 2015] (20— 22 October 2015 g). Saint- Petersburg: SPbGU.Skifiya-print Publ., 2015, pp.159—160.
  6. Karabanova O.A. Psikhologiya semeinykh otnoshenii i osnovy semeinogo konsul’tirovaniya [Family psychology and basics of family counseling].Moscow: Gardariki Publ., 2007.240 p.
  7. Kon I.S. Psikhologiya starsheklassnika [Psychology of the senior pupil].Moscow: Prosveshchenie Publ., 1982.207 p.
  8. Kudinov S.I.Polorolevye aspekty lyuboznatel’nosti podrostkov [Sexual aspects of the curiosity of adolescents].Psikhologichesky zhurnal [ Psychological journal], 1998.Vol.19, no.1, pp.26—36.
  9. Sambikina O.S.Detsko-roditel’skie otnosheniya kak faktor formirovaniya stilya uchebnoi deyatel’nosti podrostkov raznogo pola [Child-parent relations as a factor in the formation of the style of educational activity of adolescents of different sexes].In A.A.Fikhman (ed.), Tridtzat vtorye Merlinskie chteniya: Sposobnosti. Odarennost’. Individual’nost’: materialy vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii (Perm, October 20-21, 2017) [Thirty two Merlin readings: Abilities. Giftedness. Individuality: materials of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference].Perm’: Permskii gosudarstvennyi gumanitarno-pedagogicheskii universitet Publ., 2017, pp.150—153.
  10. Sobkin V.S., Kalashnikova E.A.Dinamika motivatsionno-tselevykh transformatsii uchebnoi deyatel’nosti u uchashchikhsya osnovnoi shkoly [Dynamics of motivational-targeted transformation of educational activity of students of basic school].Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of psychology], 2015, no.3, pp.3—15.
  11. Dweck C S., Bush E.S.Sex differences in learned helplessness: I.Differential debilitation with peer and adult evaluators.Developmental Psychology, 1978.Vol. 11, pp.147—156.

Information About the Authors

Irine I. Vartanova, PhD in Psychology, docent, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher of the Department of Psychology of Education and Pedagogy, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0716-9648, e-mail: iivart@mail.ru



Total: 2704
Previous month: 31
Current month: 8


Total: 712
Previous month: 11
Current month: 9