Relationship Between Values and Career Orientations in Modern Adolescents

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Abstract

The article explores the relationship between values and orientations of the digital generation. The psychodiagnostic survey was conducted in 2018 on a sample of 120 subjects aged 15—16 years. We used Edgar Schein’s Career Anchors questionnaire and Shalom Schwartz’s Value Survey. Our hypothesis was that the dominant values (both social and personal) are interrelated with the leading career orientations of adolescents. Basing on the obtained results we conclude that the prevailing values of the digital generation (both social and personal) are “preservation” and “care for others”. The leading career orientations of adolescents are “service”, “autonomy” and “integration of lifestyles”. The desire for professional competence, autonomy in career, invention and management are connected, first of all, with hedonistic values. At the same time, such social values as “care for one's immediate environment” and “willingness to experience the depth of emotion” are peripheral. There is a discrepancy in the established links between career orientations and values (both social and personal): the same career orientations are caused by different values. It can be explained as follows: (i) adolescents’ perception of their actions contradicts their own behavior; (ii) the digital generation is under pressure to pursue the values reinforced by the reference groups and traditions.

General Information

Keywords: adolescent, values, career orientations

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2019240503

For citation: Puchkova E.B., Temnova L.V., Sorokoumova E.A., Kurnosova M.G. Relationship Between Values and Career Orientations in Modern Adolescents. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2019. Vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 27–36. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2019240503. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena B. Puchkova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Labor Psychology and Psychological Counseling, Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: eb.puchkova@mpgu.su

Larisa V. Temnova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Modern Sociology, Faculty of Sociology, Moscow State University. M. V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: Temnova.larisa@yandex.ru

Elena A. Sorokoumova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology and Psychological Counseling, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2060-7657, e-mail: ea.sorokoumova@mpgu.su

Marina G. Kurnosova, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Institute of Economics and Entrepreneurship, Department of Management and Public Administration, Federal state Autonomous educational institution of higher education "national research Nizhny Novgorod state University. N. I. Lobachevsky" (UNN), Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, e-mail: marina-grirgnn@yandex.ru