“Perimeter”: Measuring the Ability to Design Activity with a Group Assessment Tool



The article describes a tool for assessing the ability to design activity in the process of group work when group members must coordinate to produce a scheme for their joint work. This new game-based technique was developed on the basis of N.Ach’s and Vygotsky-Sacharov’s integrated methods as well as on V. Rubtsov’s and Y.Gromyko’s methodology. It follows the principles of activity approach. The feature of this technique is that it employs the criteria for assessing communication and coordination in group task solving that were specially developed by us for these purposes. The tool can be applied for assessing the outcomes of design activity and developmental levels of design competencies in adolescents and young people in the course of school and university education. Also, this technique can be used for assessing project teams both in education and in other professional areas. The technique is currently being tested.

General Information

Keywords: design activity process, activity approach, project-based learning, design concept, abilities, project teams, Ach’s and Vygotsky-Sacharov’s combined methods, group activity organization

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2020250201

For citation: Akopova E.S., Glazunova O.I., Gromyko Y.V. “Perimeter”: Measuring the Ability to Design Activity with a Group Assessment Tool. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 5–18. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2020250201. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Vygotskii L.S.Sakharov L.S.Issledovanie obrazovaniya ponyatii: metodika dvoinoi stimulyatsii [Concept Education: Double Stimulation Technique].In Gippenreiter Yu.B.(eds.), Khrestomatiya po obshchei psikhologii. Psikhologiya myshleniya = A reader in general psychology. Psychology of thinking.Moscow, 1981.
  2. Vygotskii L.S.Myshlenie i rech’ [Thinking and Speech].Moscow: Publ.Labirint, 1999, part.5.352 p.(In Russ.).
  3. Glazunova O.I., Gromyko Yu.V.O dvukh podkhodakh k diagnostike vzaimodeistvii v sovmestnoi rabote: ot otsenki vzaimodeistvii v monitoringovykh issledovaniyakh PISA k deyatel’nostnomu analizu sotrudnichestva v proektnykh komandakh [Two Approaches to Assessing Interactions in Cooperative Work: From PISA Monitoring Studies to Activity- Based Analysis of Collaboration in Project Teams].Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education.2019.Vol.24, no.5, pp.58—70.DOI:10.17759/pse.2019240506.(In Russ.).
  4. Gromyko Yu.V.Rol’ vzaimoponimaniya pri reshenii uchebnykh zadach v sovmestnoi deyatel’nosti: diss.kand.psikhol.nauk [The role of understanding in solving educational problems in joint activities.Ph.D.(Psychology) diss.].Moscow, 1985.168 p.(In Russ.).
  5. Gromyko Yu.V.On the Issue of Establishing Public Schools of the Future: A Synthesis of Subject- and Project-Based Education.Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2018.Vol.23, no.1, pp.93—105.DOI:10.17759/ pse.2018230108 (In Russ., аbstr.in Engl.).
  6. Gromyko Yu.V.Rossiiskaya sistema obrazovaniya segodnya.Reshayushchii faktor razvitiya ili put’ v bezdnu? Obrazovanie kak politicheskaya tekhnologiya [The Russian education system today. The decisive factor of development or the path to the abyss? Education as a political technology] Moscow: LENAND, 2019.368 p.(In Russ.).
  7. Gromyko Yu.V.Reanimatsiya Rossiiskoi sistemy obrazovaniya.Problemy i vozmozhnosti: drugaya sistema koordinat i navigator zhivogo sub”ekta obrazovaniya [Resuscitation of the Russian education system.Problems and opportunities: another coordinate system and navigator of a living subject of education].In Malinetskii G.G.(eds.), Strategiya razvitiya komp’yuternoi real’nosti [Computer reality development strategy].Moscow: Publ.Tekhnosfera, 2020, pp.316— 336.(In Russ.).
  8. Rubtsov V.V.et al.Ot sovmestnogo deistviya — k konstruirovaniyu novykh sotsial’nykh obshchnostei: Sovmestnost’.Tvorchestvo.Obrazovanie.Shkola (Kruglyi stol metodologicheskogo seminara pod rukovodstvom V.V.Rubtsova, B.D.El’konina) [From joint action to the construction of new social communities: Togetherness.Creativity.Education.School (round table methodological seminar led By V.V.Rubtsov, B.D.Elkonin)] Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural and historical psychology, 2018.Vol.14, no.3, pp.5—30.DOI: 10.17759/chp.2018140302 (In Russ.).
  9. Rubtsov V.V.Rol’ kooperatsii v razvitii intellekta detei [The role of cooperation in the development of children’s intelligence].Voprosy psikhologii = Psychology issues, 1980, no.4, pp.79—89.(In Russ.).
  10. Rubtsov V.V.Sotsiogenez sovmestnogo deistviya: vzaimoponimanie lyudei kak uslovie ponimaniya veshchei.Interv’yu (besedu vel.Kudryavtsev V.T) [Sociogenesis of Joint Action: Mutual Understanding between Individuals as a Precondition for Understanding Things.Interview (Carried out by Kudryavtsev V.T.)].Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-historical psychology.2018.Vol.14, no.4, pp. 106— 121.(In Russ., abstr.in Engl.).DOI: 10.17759/ chp.2018140413 (In Russ.).
  11. Rubtsov V.V., Ageev V.V., Davydov V.V.Oprobovanie kak mekhanizm postroeniya sovmestnykh deistvii [Testing as a mechanism for building joint actions].Psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Psychological Journal.1985, no.4, pp.120—129.(In Russ.).
  12. Rubtsov V.V., Margolis A.A.Komp’yuter kak sredstvo modelirovaniya predmetnykh uchebnykh sred [Computer as a tool for modeling subject-based learning environments].Informatika i narodnoe obrazovanie [Computer science and public education].1987, no.5, pp.8—13.(In Russ.).
  13. Rubtsov V.V., Mul’darov V.K.Metod normativnoi diagnostiki uchebno-poznavatel’nykh deistvii u shkol’nikov [The method of normative diagnosis of educational and cognitive actions in schoolchildren].Voprosy psikhologii = Psychology Issues.1987, no.5, pp.147—153.(In Russ.).
  14. Rubtsov V.V.Sotsial’no-geneticheskaya psikhologiya razvivayushchego obrazovaniya: deyatel’nostnyi podkhod [Socio-genetic psychology of developing education: an activity approach].Moscow: MGPPU, 2008.416 p.(In Russ.).
  15. Sakharov L.S.O metodakh issledovaniya ponyatii (1930) [On the methods of the study of concepts (1930)] Kul’turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya = Cultural-historical psychology.2006, no.2, pp.32—47.(In Russ.).
  16. Uznadze D.N.Vyrabotka ponyatii v doshkol’nom vozraste [The development of concepts in preschool age].Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological research.Moscow, 1966, pp.76—134.(In Russ.).
  17. Ach Narziss. Über die Begriffsbildung [About the formation of terms].Bamberg, 1921, 343 p.(In Russ.).
  18. Berninger A. Group Emotions and Group Epistemology.In: Candiotto L.(eds.), The Value of Emotions for Knowledge.Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2019, pp.261—279.DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-15667- 1_12
  19. Cash P., Kreye M.E.Exploring Uncertainty Perception as a Driver of Design Activity.Design Studies, 2017, 54 (January), pp.50—79.DOI: 10.1016/j.destud.2017.10.004
  20. Woods R.A Design Thinking Mindset for Data Science, 2019 [Electronic recurs].URL: https:// towardsdatascience.com/a-design-thinking-mindset-for-data-science-f94f1e27f90 (Accessed 06.02.2020).
  21. Heidi Weber H., Ganchob S., Mateus A., Rodrigues A.C.Varying Mindsets in Design Thinking.Why they change during the process and how to nudge them.In: Proceedings of the 6th Design Doctoral Conference | DDC’19: Transgression, IADE — Universidade Europeia, Lisbon, Portugal, 22- 24 May 2019, pp.45—52.

Information About the Authors

Elvira S. Akopova, PhD in Psychology, Analyst, Department of Mentoring Management Personnel, Moscow Center for the Development of Human Resources in Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1676-2408, e-mail: isemin@mail.ru

Olga I. Glazunova, PhD in Psychology, General Director, Society With Limited Liability «Innovative Company «Mysledeyatelnostnaya Pedagogy», Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9882-6107, e-mail: obrantr@mail.ru

Yury V. Gromyko, Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of ‘Pedagogical Psychology named after Professor V.A. Guruzhapov’ of the faculty ‘Psychology of education’ of MSUPE, Head of the Master's program "Psychology and Pedagogy of project activity", Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Director, Institute for аdvanced studies and human resource management in the name of Eugene Shiffers (Shiffers Institute), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5943-8232, e-mail: yugromyko@gmail.com



Total: 1814
Previous month: 47
Current month: 16


Total: 1027
Previous month: 14
Current month: 2