Emotional Attitude to School and Self-Attitude in High School Students of Different Sex and Age

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Abstract

The aim of this work was to study (taking into account gender and age) the relationship between emotional attitude to learning activity and self-attitude in high school students. The following parameters were revealed separately for groups of boys and girls: 1) the structure of the emotional attitude to the values of school life (by factor analysis of assessments obtained with the Semantic Differential scale); 2) the indicators of self-attitude (according to the technique by S.R. Pantileev); 3) the correlations between the selected factors and the parameters of self-attitude. The study involved students of 9—11 grades (14—17 years old) from two Moscow schools. A total of 346 people were surveyed; the subjects were divided into 4 groups: younger groups (8—9 grades, 14—15 years old) boys (73) and girls 76), older groups (grades 10—11, 16—17 years old) of boys (98) and girls (99); both techniques were used in 217 students: younger groups of boys (41) and girls (49), older groups boys (63) and girls (66).As it was found, with age there is a tendency to change the semantic content of some motives — for boys in the field of status motivation, and for girls in the field of learning motivation. In girls, various types of emotional and motivational attitudes toward learning are more consistent with the parameters of self-attitude. At the same time, among younger boys motivation of duty and recognition is closely related to self-attitude, whereas in older boys the latter is related only to learning and cognitive motivation.

General Information

Keywords: motivation, emotions, self-attitude, older teens, gender

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2020250304

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number 20-013-0084.

For citation: Vartanova I.I. Emotional Attitude to School and Self-Attitude in High School Students of Different Sex and Age. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 40–48. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2020250304. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irine I. Vartanova, PhD in Psychology, docent, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher of the Department of Psychology of Education and Pedagogy, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0716-9648, e-mail: iivart@mail.ru

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