Axiological and Methodological Analysis of Folk Games

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Abstract

Play is defined as a special form of free activity according to the rules, that, unlike work, does not produce an alienable product. The socio-psychological mechanism of the influence of the conditions of the game on the participants is considered. Conceptual analysis of the game from the point of view of the key, meaning-forming experience in the game – happiness-joy, shows that this experience is due to the peculiarities of the relations of the participants: internal self-restraint (conscience) and conflict-free communication (the presence of sympathy, empathy, sympathy, assistance). These factors explain the corrective and preventive resources of play practice in the work of specialists with deviant behavior in children and adolescents (irresponsibility, aggression, violation of social norms...). Game practice simulates favorable social conditions for development. The semantic definition of the experience of happiness-joy is made based on a meaningful understanding of children's happiness by specialists in working with children as their professional target setting. The phases of the formation of the game are defined and shown using examples of folk games: formal adoption of the rules, individual self-realization within the framework of the rules, individual self-realization within the framework of the rules and the value of the gaming community.

General Information

Keywords: folk game, happiness-joy, happiness-pleasure, axiology and methodology of play, deviant behavior, values of upbringing, corrective and preventive work, experiencing.

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu.2021130402

Funding. The study was carried out with the support of the project of the Federation of Educational Psychologists of Russia and the Moscow State Pedagogical University "Ecosystem of Childhood: creating a system model for the prevention of social risks in organizations for orphans and children left without parental care", implemented in 2020-21 under a grant from the Department of Labor and Social Protection of Moscow.

Acknowledgements. authors are grateful to the specialists and heads of the Centers for Promoting Family Education: "named after Yu.V. Nikulin"," No. 1", "Kakhovsky Daisies" , as well as to the volunteer students of the Legal Psychology Faculty of the Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University who accompanied the game practice. Thanks to all of them, this work became possible.

Received: 06.08.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Teplova A.B., Chernushevich V.A. Axiological and Methodological Analysis of Folk Games [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psychological-Educational Studies, 2021. Vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 22–38. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2021130402. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna B. Teplova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of psychological anthropology and the professional development of teachers, The Federal State Budget Scientific Institution Institute of Study of Childhood, Family end Education of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1363-251X, e-mail: abteplova@mail.ru

Vladimir A. Chernushevich, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology& Education, Head, Training Laboratory, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1401-5070, e-mail: vasiha@mail.ru

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