Psychological components of decision-making in mentally ill persons

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of individual psychological characteristics of decision-making in persons with mental pathology. The material of the empirical study of 99 men (mean age = 34.1 ± 10.6 years) with the following psychiatric diagnoses: organic mental disorders (F07) (OMD), schizophrenia and schizotypic disorder (F20, F21), personality and behavior disorders (F60, F61). The methodological complex included: "Verbal and color interference" tests by J. Stroop and "Comparison of similar drawings" by J. Kagan, questionnaires "Style of self-regulation of behavior" V.I. Morosanova and New Questionnaire of Tolerance to Uncertainty Kornilovoy, semiprojective methods "Identification of the awareness of motives" А.V. Ermolina and B.P. Ilyin and "Situational analysis" (Bulygina VG, 2017). It was revealed that the parameters of "tolerance to uncertainty", "assessment of conditions", "cognitive rigidity", "drives" and "evaluation of results" have the greatest nosocertainty. Within the context of the situational analysis, the influence of the amount of information available, the level of its uncertainty and emotional saturation on the adequacy of the interpretation of the situation, the number and adequacy of the proposed alternatives, and the social acceptability of the answers was established.

General Information

Keywords: decision-making, situational analysis, persons with mental pathology.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2018080201

For citation: Shekhovtsova E.S., Dubinsky A.A. Psychological components of decision-making in mentally ill persons [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 1–14. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2018080201. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Elena S. Shekhovtsova, PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher of the Department of Psychogenic and Personality Disorders, Federal State Budgetary Institution, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: shiha.l@mail.ru

Alexander A. Dubinsky, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychohygiene and Psychoprophylaxis, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6091-3299, e-mail: aleksandr-dubinskij@yandex.ru

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