Student Preferences and Socio-Cultural Transformations of Professional Groups



Objectives. To characterize the preferences of modern adolescents in professional fields, taking into account the influence of demographic and socio-stratification factors, and also to identify the influence of socio-cultural factors: social success (class status, academic performance) and components of a life position (emotional assessment of prospects, plans, value orientations) on the transformation of ideas schoolchildren about professional fields and the features of their recruitment into various professional groups. Background. In connection with the complexity of the current sociocultural situation, which determines the uniqueness of the socialization of the modern adolescent (value-normative uncertainty, increasing social inequality, changing the information space, the transformation of the main social institutions of socialization, primarily family and school), it is becoming important to pay attention to the peculiarities of modern youth in various professional fields. Study design. The study examined the frequency of students’ choice of various professional fields for further activities. The influence of demographic, socio-stratification, factors of social success, components of the life position of students was studied. Participants. 11803 students of the 7th, 9th and 11th grades. Measurements. Anonymous questionnaire survey of students in primary and senior schools, using closed-ended questions, StatSoftStatistika 6.0 package (significant differences, factor analysis). Results. The features of the influence of demographic and socio-stratification factors on the professional preferences of modern adolescents are revealed. Using the factor analysis procedure, five generalized characteristics of the life position of schoolchildren are identified that determine the characteristics of their orientations towards different types of professional activity. Conclusions. The data obtained make it possible to predict the influence of demographic, socio-stratification and sociocultural factors on the nature of the transformations of various socio-professional groups.

General Information

Keywords: teenager, professional preferences, recruitment into the sphere of professional activity, transformation of social and professional groups, demographic and socio-stratification factors, social success, life position

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Sobkin V.S., Kalashnikova E.A. Student Preferences and Socio-Cultural Transformations of Professional Groups. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2020. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 114–134. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2020110308. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Vladimir S. Sobkin, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, Head of the Center for Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management, Center for Modern Problems of Modern Education at the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Ekaterina A. Kalashnikova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher at the Center for Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management, Center of Modern Problems of Modern Education, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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