Analysis of Educational Programs in Organizations for Orphans

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Abstract

The relevance of the development of educational systems in organizations for orphans and children left without parental care is associated with the need to solve the problem of social disadaptation and unpreparedness for an independent life of its graduates. An important tool for systemic development is the working programs of education. The work is aimed at studying the programs of education of orphans in institutional conditions. The history of the formation of educational systems in organizations for orphans and children left without parental care is shown. The features of the system of education in these organizations in modern conditions and the focus of research in the field of education of orphans are revealed. The results of a survey of 857 specialists of organizations for orphans and children left without parental care from 66 constituent entities of the Russian Federation are presented. Based on the analysis of the survey data: 1) the specifics of upbringing programs in organizations of different departmental affiliation were identified by a group of parameters: independence, time of development and approval, implementation period, introduction of changes, participation of pupils in its development, passing inspections; 2) the content of upbringing programs and the criteria for their results, the factors that determine the characteristics of upbringing activities are characterized; 3) an assessment of educational programs was carried out according to a group of parameters: the formation of tolerance among pupils; preparation of pupils for independent life, formation of their social maturity, financial adequacy; formation of communicative (including digital) security among pupils; taking into account the opinion of pupils in the organization of their lives; formation of an active civic position among pupils, including through participation in social volunteering.

General Information

Keywords: orphans and children left without parental care, organizations for orphans, pupils of organizations for orphans, educational systems, educational programs

Journal rubric: Pedagogy and Psychology of Education

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/ssc.2022030204

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-02 dated 08.04.2022 “Scientific and methodological development of a system for assessing the readiness of graduates of organizations for orphans and children left without parental care, graduates of substitute families to live independently and the success of social adaptation after graduation from organizations and completion of stay in substitute families”.

Acknowledgements. The author thanks his colleagues for their help in collecting and analyzing data for the study: M.V. Lashkul, A.A. Borodina, V.V. Nechushkina.

Received: 18.11.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Bobyleva I.A. Analysis of Educational Programs in Organizations for Orphans [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial’nye nauki i detstvo = Social Sciences and Childhood, 2022. Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 54–68. DOI: 10.17759/ssc.2022030204. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Irina A. Bobyleva, PhD in Education, Analyst, Center for the Protection of Children’s Rights and Interests, Chief Specialist-Expert of the “Spread Your Wings!” Charity Fund for Social Assistance to Children, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9736-6847, e-mail: bobyleva_ia@rambler.ru

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