Positive and Negative Aspects of Students’ Perfectionist Attitudes



The article describes the procedure and study results of positive and negative aspects of students’ perfectionist attitudes. The study was carried out among students taking bachelor and master’s courses at St. Petersburg State University. The study was the first to discover significant relationships between the students’ perfectionist attitudes “High standards and ambitions” and cognitive motivation, social skills and psychological adaptation, which confirms the adaptive nature of the scale. Students’ perfectionist attitudes “Self-critical attitude and the lack of self-confidence” and “Constant comparison to those who are the most successful” are negatively linked with adaptation, social skills and social awareness, which confirms the non-adaptive nature of these attitudes. The study has confirmed the 3-scale structure of “the Questionnaire” which had previously been adapted for technical university students. The structure is reproduced unchanged in different sex and age samples of technical university students and students-psychologists.

General Information

Keywords: adaptation of “the Questionnaire of Perfectionism», students’ positive perfectionist attitudes, motivation, social intelligence, adaptation

Journal rubric: General Psychology, Personality Psychology, History of Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Gao L., Kiseleva L.B., Nasledov A.D., Shamaеv A.N. Positive and Negative Aspects of Students’ Perfectionist Attitudes. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 115–127. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


Iasnaia V.A., Enikolopov S.N. Sovremennye modeli perfektsionizma [Contemporary models of perfectionism]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniia [Psychological studies], 2013, vol. 6, no. 29, p. 1. Available at: http://psystudy.ru (accessed: 06.01.2017). (In Russian)

Flett G.L., Hewitt P.L. Chapter 21. Measures of Perfectionism. Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs. New York, Academic Press, 2015, pp. 595–618.

Smith М.М., Saklofske D.H., Yan G., Sherry S.B. Perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns interact to predict negative emotionality: Support for the tripartite model of perfectionism in Canadian and Chinese university students. Personality and Individual Differences, 2015, vol. 81, pp. 141–147.

Talash E.F. Otrazhenie fenomena perfektsionizma v rossiiskikh nauchnykh publikatsiiakh [Тhe phenomenon of perfectionism in Russian scientific publications]. Vestnik of Baltic Federal University after I.Kant. 2012, no. 11, pp. 79–87. (In Russian)

Gaudreau P. The 2×2 model of perfectionism: Commenting the critical comments and suggestions of Stoeber (2012). Personality and Individual Differences, 2013, vol. 55, рр. 351–355.

Rice, K.G., Ashby, J. S. An efficient method for classifying perfectionists. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2007, vol. 54, рр. 72–85. 7. Garanian N.G., Iudeeva T.Iu. Struktura perfektsionizma u patsientov s depressivnymi i trevozhnymi rasstroistvami [The structure of perfectionism among patients with depressive and anxiety disorders]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological journal], 2009, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 93–102. (In Russian)

Garanian N.G., Andrusenko D.A., Khlomov I.D. Perfektsionizm kak faktor studencheskoi dezadaptatsii [Perfectionism as a factor of student maladjustment]. Psikhologicheskaia nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological science and education], 2009, no. 1, pp. 72–81. (In Russian)

Moskova M.V. Lichnostnye faktory emotsional’noi dezadaptatsii studentov. Authoref. diss. kand. psikhol. nauk [Personal factors of emotional maladjustment of students. Thesis of PhD]. Moscow, 2008. 25 p. (In Russian)

Kiseleva L.B. Uroven’ perfektsionizma u studentov s razlichnoi uspevaemost’iu po angliiskomu iazyku [The level of perfectionism among students with different academic performance in English]. Sovremennye issledovaniia sotsial’nykh problem (elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal) [Modern research of socialproblems (electronic scientifi c journal) ], 2015, no. 11 (55), pp. 427–441. Available at: www.sisp.nkras.ru (accessed: 21.01.2016). (In Russian)

Nasledov A.D., Kiseleva L.B. Adaptation of the “Perfectionism questionnaire” to diagnose perfectionist attitudes among first-year technical university students. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Series 16. Psychology. Education, 2016, issue 3, pp. 44–64.

Rean A.A. Psihologija podrostka. Polnoe rukovodstvo. [The psychology of a teenager. Full guide]. SPb., Prajm-evroznak. 2003. 432 p.

Stoliarenko L.D. Osnovy psikhologii. Praktikum [Fundamentals of psychology. Workshop]. Rostov-on-Don, 2005, pp. 513–515. (In Russian)

Osnickij A.K. Opredelenie harakteristik social'noj adaptacii [Determination of the characteristics of social adaptation]. Psihologija i shkola [Psychology and school]. 2004, no. 1. pp. 43–56.

Nasledov A.D., Semenov V.Y. Modifikacija shkaly social'nogo intellekta TROMSO dlja rossijskih shkol'nikov [Modification of the TROMSO social intelligence scale for the Russian school pupils]. Vestnik Saint-Petersburg University. Series 12. Psychology. Sociology. Education, 2015, Issue 4, pp. 5–21. (In Russian)

Nasledov A.D. IBM SPSS 20 i AMOS: professional’nyi statisticheskii analiz dannykh [IBM SPSS 20 and AMOS: professional statistical data analysis]. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2013. 416 p. (In Russian)

Nasledov A.D., Lin G. Motivacija formirovanija nauchno-professional'nyh ponjatij kursa “Matematicheskie metody v psihologii” u studentov-psihologov v Rossii i Kitae [The motivation of forming a scientific and professional concepts in the course “Mathematical methods in psychology” among psychology students in Russia and China]. Vestnik of Tver’ State University. Series: Pedagogy and Psychology, 2016, no. 2, pp. 55–66. (In Russian)

Klein P. Spravochnoe rukovodstvo po konstruirovaniiu testov [Reference guide to designing tests]. Kiev, PAN Ltd. 1994, 288 p. (In Russian)

Kuper K. Individual'nye razlichiia [Individual differences]. Moscow, Aspekt Press, 2000. 527 p. (In Russian)

Suh N., Gnilka P.B., Rice K.G. Perfectionism and well-being: A positive psychology framework. Personality and Individual Differences, 2017, vol. 111, no. 1, рр. 25–30.

Li Y., Lan J., Ju C. Achievement motivation and attributional style as mediators between perfectionism and subjective well-being in Chinese university students. Personality and Individual Differences, 2015, vol. 79, рр. 146–151.

Gong X., Fletcher K.L., Paulson S.E. Perfectionism and emotional intelligence: A test of the 2 × 2 model of perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences, 2017, vol. 106, рр. 71–76.

Burnam А., Komarraju M., Rachel Hamel R., Dustin R., Nadler D.R. Do adaptive perfectionism and self-determined motivation reduce academic procrastination? Learning and Individual Differences, 2014, vol. 36, рр. 165–172.

Wigert B., Reiter-Palmon R., Kaufman J.C., Silvia P.J. Perfectionism: The good, the bad, and the creative. Journal of Research in Personality, 2012, vol. 46, no. 6, рр. 775–779.

Stoeber J., Philip J., Corrb P.J. A short empirical note on perfectionism and flourishing. Personality and Individual Differences, 2016, vol. 90, рр. 50–53.

Stoeber J., Mutinelli S., Corr P.J. Perfectionism in students and positive career planning attitudes. Personality and Individual Differences, 2016, vol. 97, рр. 256–259.

Information About the Authors

Lin Gao, a graduate оf postgraduate course at the faculty of psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: gaolingxiaotu@163.com

Lydmila B. Kiseleva, Senior lecturer, Saint Petersburg State Marine Technical University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: ludmila2405@rambler.ru

A. D. Nasledov, PhD in Psychology, Assistant professor at the Psychology faculty, St.Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: andrey.nasledov@gmail.com

Alexander N. Shamaеv, 4-year student at the faculty of psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: shamano4400@gmail.com



Total: 147
Previous month: 7
Current month: 0


Total: 73
Previous month: 4
Current month: 0