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Dynamics of Visual Partial Functions in Children and Pupils from 5-8 Years of Age 423
Valenta M., Doctor of Education, professor, Palacky University , Olomouc, Czechia, Valenta22@klikni.cz
The article focuses on the structure and the dynamics of partial functions of visual skills (visual segmentation – visual differentiation of the figure/background, visual differentiation of shapes and visual memory) children during their last year at nursery school and their first two years of school attendance as a part of the research project of the Faculty of Education, Palacký University Olomouc. The stimulus material of the investigation was made up of diagnostic and reeducation instruments by Viennese professor B. Sindelar. The Sindelar’s instrument has no norms, the aim of the investigation was to determine the median values of the performances in the aforementioned areas of visual perception of children and thus to determine the dynamics of the development of these functions in the intact population. The research sample consisted of children from pupils of Moravian and Prague schools – the last year of kindergarten and the first two years of elementary school, it was a deliberate and institutional sample selection. Since the survey had a quantitative design, a statistical procedure was used to analyze the collected data (median value, statistically significant difference between respondent groups was determined by the Mann–Whitney test). The results of the investigation were demonstrated by a table and a graph for each subtest.
Keywords: educability, pupils with the need for support measures, partial function deficits, school failure, basic research, visual functions
Column: Empirical research