Пересмотр социальной стигмы при несуицидальных самоповреждениях: нарративный обзор

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Аннотация

Несуицидальное самоповреждающее поведение (НССП) широко распространено в нашем обществе. Тем не менее, существует значительное несоответствие в количестве людей с НССП, и тех, кто обращается за медицинской помощью в связи с этим состоянием. Такое несоответствие может быть связано с выраженной социальной стигматизацией, связанной с данным состоянием. Стигматизация НССП оказывает значительное влияние и может ухудшить качество жизни таких пациентов, отсрочить обращение за помощью, снизить доступ к психиатрической помощи и еще больше способствовать накоплению неверной информации. Несмотря на то, что симптоматике, рискам и демографическим характеристикам НССП уделялось внимание в исследованиях, литературные данные о стигматизации данного состояния и ее последствиях ограничены. Исходя из этого, данный обзор дает представление о различных уровнях стигматизации НССП (общественный, самостигматизация и медицинская помощь), связанной с данным состоянием дискриминацией, различных аспектах такой стигматизации (язык, связанный с НССП, физические повреждения, ошибочная информация, СМИ) и, наконец, о совместных клинико-информационных мероприятиях для смягчения социальной стигматизацией НССП. Если НССП действительно будет признано клиническим расстройством, будущие исследования должны быть сосредоточены на этой концепции стигматизации и лечения с тем же значением, которое придается клиническим исследованиям вмешательств и симптоматики при НССП.

Общая информация

Ключевые слова: несуицидальное самоповреждающее поведение, самоповреждение, самостигматизация, стигматизация, выздоровление

Рубрика издания: Обзоры

Тип материала: научная статья

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17816/CP196

Получена: 26.06.2022

Принята в печать:

Для цитаты: Мехелия С., Банерджи Д. Пересмотр социальной стигмы при несуицидальных самоповреждениях: нарративный обзор // Consortium Psychiatricum. 2022. Том 3. № 3. С. 6–19. DOI: 10.17816/CP196

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Информация об авторах

Мехелия Саха, Кафедра клинической психологии, Национальный институт психического здоровья и нейронаук (NIMHANS), Индия, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7728-8581, e-mail: dr.Djan88@gmail.com

Банерджи Дебанджан, MD, консультант-гериатрический психиатр, Многопрофильные больницы Аполло, Калькутта, Индия, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8152-9798, e-mail: dr.Djan88@gmail.com

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