Сравнительный анализ влияния трех методов психотерапии на удовлетворенность браком и близостью у замужних женщин

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Аннотация

Удовлетворенность браком и близостью выступают важными аспектами психологического благополучия. Благодаря психотерапии их качество может значительно улучшиться. В рамках настоящего исследования сравнивалось влияние трех методов психотерапии — эмоционально-сфокусированной парной терапии, терапии принятия и ответственности и имаготерапии — на удовлетворенность браком и близостью у замужних женщин. В этом полуэкспериментальном исследовании приняли участие три группы женщин. В исследовании участвовали 39 замужних женщин (14 человек проходили эмоционально-сфокусированную парную терапию, 14 женщин — терапию принятия и ответственности и 11 — имаготерапию). Данные были собраны с использованием тест-опросника удовлетворенности браком ENRICH. Для анализа данных использовалась программа SPSS v. 22, применялся однофакторный дисперсионный анализ и t-критерий для попарного сравнения средних значений. Результаты показали эффективность эмоционально-сфокусированной парной терапии (3,37±1,27 баллов до психотерапии против 4,79±0,68 баллов после прохождения психтерапии), терапии принятия и ответственности (3,35±0,35 против 4,19±0,16) и имаготерапии (3,52±0,15 против 4,17±0,16) в отношении удовлетворенности близостью (p=0,001, частичный эта квадрат=0,30); и эффективность эмоционально-сфокусированной парной терапии (203,70±14,88 против 273,33±8,26), терапии принятия и ответственности (202,11±16,29 против 208,71±13,66) и имаготерапии (200,08±7,51 против 438,01±17,82) в отношении удовлетворенности браком (p=0,001, частичный эта квадрат=0,98). Все виды терапии оказали большое влияние на удовлетворенность близостью и браком у замужних женщин. Имаготерапия выступила наиболее эффективным видом терапии.

Общая информация

Ключевые слова: женщины , брак, семейное положение, супружеские отношения , психотерапия

Рубрика издания: Диагностика личностных расстройств и состояний

Тип материала: научная статья

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2023120101

Благодарности. Авторы выражают благодарность участникам, руководству и коллегам по работе за сотрудничество.

Получена: 21.06.2022

Принята в печать:

Для цитаты: Гахари Ш., Шейбани Ф., Хади Газанфари З., Фарохнежад Афшар П., Джамиль Л. Сравнительный анализ влияния трех методов психотерапии на удовлетворенность браком и близостью у замужних женщин [Электронный ресурс] // Клиническая и специальная психология. 2023. Том 12. № 1. С. 1–17. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2023120101

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Информация об авторах

Гахари Шахрбану, доцент кафедры психического здоровья, Школа поведенческих наук и психического здоровья, Тегеранский институт психиатрии, Университет медицинских наук Ирана, Тегеран, Иран, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7103-3940, e-mail: michka2004@gmail.com

Шейбани Фаршад, доцент кафедры клинической психологии, Школа поведенческих наук и психического здоровья, Тегеранский институт психиатрии, Университет медицинских наук Ирана, Тегеран, Иран, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0509-3416, e-mail: sheybani.f@iums.ac.ir

Хади Газанфари Зарна, доцент Исследовательского центра поведенческих расстройств и злоупотребления психоактивными веществами, Хамаданский университет медицинских наук, Хамадан, Иран, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6917-6608, e-mail: h.ghazanfari@umsha.ac.ir

Фарохнежад Афшар Пуйя, доцент кафедры геронтологии, Школа поведенческих наук и психического здоровья, Тегеранский институт психиатрии, Университет медицинских наук Ирана, Тегеран, Иран, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6450-7084, e-mail: farokhnezhad.p@iums.ac.ir

Джамиль Лейли, доцент кафедры клинической психологии, Армейский медицинский Университет, Тегеран, Иран, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6511-8195, e-mail: leili.jamil1989@gmail.com

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