Subject position on learning activity as a resource for the development and the subject of the study



The article discusses the concept of «subject position», approaches to its understanding. We understand «subject position» of a student as an active and consciuos attitude to learning activities. The article describes a case of a treatment program in terms of reflective-active approach for a child suffering from mild mental retardation. The program is aimed at supporting the subject position of the child. The article also describes recoreded changes in the organization of thinking, obtained by "thinking aloud" on the material of creative problem solving and in the process of observation. The article reveals examination data of students of different ages (by the scale «Subject position»), which allows to draw conclusions about the features of students' position on learning activities and it's dynamics with age.

General Information

Keywords: subject position, scale “Subject position”, attitude to learning activities, development, summer school, reflective-active approach, children with mild mental retardation, counseling, creative problem, organization of thinkin

Journal rubric: History, Archive

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Zaretsky V.K. Subject position on learning activity as a resource for the development and the subject of the study. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2013. Vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 8–37. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


Аlekseev N.G. Proektirovanie uslovij razvitiya refleksivnogo myshleniya // Dissertatsiya v vide nauchnogo doklada na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni doktora psikhologicheskikh nauk. M., 2002.

Information About the Authors

Victor K. Zaretsky, PhD in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Individual and Group Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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