Self-destructive behavior in adolescence and youth

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Abstract

The article presents the results of the empiric study of cognitive and personal factors of emotion regulation, risk of suicide, psychopathologic symptoms and self-injurious behavior. It is hypothesized that the risk of self-destructive behavior is connected to destructive cognitive strategies, dispositional factors of self-injurious and suicidal behavior and psychopathological symptoms. Participants: N=101, aged 13—21. Results: relations between scales of suicidal risk, psychopathological symptoms, self-injurious behavior and cognitive emotional regulation were revealed; differences between groups of instrumental and somatic self-injurers were shown; predictors of self-destructive behavior were defined by linear regression analysis. Summary: somatization, anxiety and psychoticism were related to factors of self-injurious behavior; connections between methods and factors of self-injurious behavior and factors of suicidal risk were discovered; cognitive emotional disregulation (rumination, self-accusation and accusation of others) were predictors of self-destructive behaviors and psychopathological symptoms.

General Information

Keywords: self-destructive behavior, self-injurious behavior, suicide factors, cognitive strategies of emotional regulation, psychopathological symptoms

Journal rubric: Empirical Researches

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2015230411

For citation: Polskaya N.A., Vlasova N.V. Self-destructive behavior in adolescence and youth. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2015. Vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 176–190. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2015230411. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Natalia A. Polskaya, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Professor of the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Department, Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Scientific and Practical Center for Mental Health of Children and Adolescents named after G.E. Sukhareva of the Moscow Department of Public Health, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7305-5577, e-mail: polskayana@yandex.ru

Natalia V. Vlasova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor Department of Psychology of Personality N.G. Chernyshevsky, Moscow state psychological-pedagogical University, Saratov, Russia, e-mail: natali-viola@mail.ru

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