Interrelation of Individual-Personal Anti-Aging Strategies with Biological Age



The definition of anti-aging is given as a condition that reduces the biological age, improves health or increases life expectancy. Based on the meta-analysis, 13 anti-aging strategies were identified: sports, control, creative, intellectual, subject, altruistic, humor, self-improvement, risk, communication, interaction with nature, achievement, optimism. An empirical study of the effectiveness of these strategies has been carried out. Subjects: persons of retirement age, men — 61—70, women — 56—70 years. The following methods were used: diagnostics of biological age according to Voitenko, questionnaire of personal resources, assessment of individual typological features, correlation analysis. It was found out that the relationship of biological aging with personal resources depends on the socio-demographic characteristics of the individual. Conclusions: to develop an individual-personal anti-aging strategy, it is necessary to take into account the totality of data: gender, age, place of residence, family, children, physique, emotionality, functional asymmetry, interaction style. An effective anti-aging strategy is selected individually for each respondent.

General Information

Keywords: biological age, biological aging, personal resources, individuality, types of individuality

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology and Age-Related Psychology

Article type: review article


Funding. The study was financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 19-18-00058-P.

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful for the help in collecting data for the study, geriatrician E.A. Chumakova, young researchers: A.A. Zimina, G.V. Fatyanov, Yu.F. Faskhutdinova, for data processing — K.E. Buzanov.

Received: 31.08.2022


For citation: Berezina T.N., Litvinova A.V., Zinatullina A.M. Interrelation of Individual-Personal Anti-Aging Strategies with Biological Age [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2022. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 73–89. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2022110407. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Berezina T.N. Lichnostnye resursy prodolzhitel’nosti zhizni vzroslykh lyudei [Personal resources of life expectancy of adults] [Elektronnyi resurs]. In Berezina T.N. (ed.), Biopsikhologicheskii vozrast i zdorov’e professionalov: Perspektivy antistareniya: Mezhdunarodnaya kollektivnaya monografiya [Biopsychological age and the health of professionals: Perspectives on anti-aging]. Moscow: Izdatel’skii dom Akademii im. N.E. Zhukovskogo, 2021, pp. 190—210. URL: (Accessed 08.12.2022). (In Rus.).
  2. Obukhova L.F., Obukhova O.B., Shapovalenko I.V. Problema stareniya s biologicheskoi i psikhologicheskoi tochek zreniya [The problem of aging from a biological and psychological point of view] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2003. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 25—33. URL: (Accessed 08.12.2022). (In Rus.).
  3. Berezina T.N., Rybtsov S.A. Svidetel’stvo o gosudarstvennoi registratsii programmy dlya EVM No. 2022668987 Rossiiskaya federatsiya. Antistarenie XXI [Certificate of state registration of the computer program No. 2022668987 Russian Federation. Antiaging XXI] [Elektronnyi resurs]: 2022668380: Zayavleno 07.10.2022: opublikovano 14.10.2022. URL: (Accessed 12.12.2022). (In Rus.).
  4. Strizhitskaya O.Y. Emotsii i starenie: sovremennye paradigmy i aktual’nye napravleniya [Emotions and ageing: modern paradigms and directions]. Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2017. Vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 71—76. DOI:10.17759/jmfp.2017060308 (In Rus.).
  5. Berezina T.N., Ekimova V.I., Kokurin A.V., Orlova E.A. Ekstremal’nyi obraz zhizni kak faktor ee individual’noi prodolzhitel’nosti [Extreme image of behavior as factor of individual life expectancy]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Psychological journal, 2018. Vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 70—78. DOI:10.7868/S0205959218030066 (In Rus.).
  6. Israel S.M., Adams-Price C.E., Bolstad C.J., Nadorff D.K. Age and recognition for one’s creative hobby are associated with fewer depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older adults. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 2020. Advance online publication. DOI:10.1037/aca0000366
  7. Gurău F., Baldoni S., Prattichizzo F., Espinosa E., Amenta F., Procopio A.D., Albertini M.C., Bonafè M., Olivieri F. Anti-senescence compounds: A potential nutraceutical approach to healthy aging. Ageing Research Reviews, 2018. Vol. 46. pp. 14—31. DOI:10.1016/j.arr.2018.05.001
  8. Arora B.P. Anti-aging medicine [Elektronnyi resurs]. Indian Journal Plastic Surgery, 2008. Vol. 41, pp. S130—S133. URL: (Accessed 23.10.2022).
  9. Barker D.J., Thornburg K.L. The obstetric origins of health for a lifetime. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2013. Vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 511—519. DOI:10.1097/GRF.0b013e31829cb9ca
  10. Ben-Shlomo Y, Kuh D. A life course approach to chronic disease epidemiology: conceptual models, empirical challenges and interdisciplinary perspectives. International Journal of Epidemiology, 2002. Vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 285—293. DOI:10.1093/ije/31.2.285
  11. Berezina T. Distribution of biomarkers of aging in people with different personality types (in Russia). E3S Web of Conferences, 2020. Vol. 210, article ID 17028, 12 p. DOI:10.1051/e3sconf/202021017028
  12. Berezina T.N., Rybtsova N.N., Rybtsov S.A. Comparative Dynamics of Individual Ageing among the Investigative Type of Professionals Living in Russia and Russian Migrants to the EU Countries. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 749—762. DOI:10.3390/ejihpe10030055
  13. Rybtsova N., Berezina T., Kagansky A., Rybtsov S. Can Blood-Circulating Factors Unveil and Delay Your Biological Aging? Biomedicines, 2020. Vol. 8, no. 12, article ID 615, 31 p. DOI:10.3390/biomedicines8120615
  14. Shanahan M.J., Hill P.L., Roberts B.W., Eccles J., Friedman H.S. Conscientiousness, health, and aging: the life course of personality model. Developmental psychology, 2014. Vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1407—1425. DOI:10.1037/a0031130
  15. Crimmins E.M, Seeman T. Integrating Biology into Demographic Research on Health and Aging (With a Focus on the MacArthur Study of Successful Aging) [Elektronnyi resurs]. In Finch C.E., Vaupel J.W., Kinsella K. (eds.), Cells and Surveys: Should Biological Measures Be Included in Social Science Research? Washington: National Academy Press, 2001, pp. 9—41. URL: (Accessed 08.12.2022).
  16. Werner C.M., Hecksteden A., Morsch A., Zundler J., Wegmann M., Kratzsch J., Thiery J., Hohl M., Bittenbring J.T., Neumann F. et al. Differential effects of endurance, interval, and resistance training on telomerase activity and telomere length in a randomized, controlled study. European Heart Journal, 2019. Vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 34—46. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy585
  17. Poulin M.J., Brown S.L., Ubel P.A., Smith D.M., Jankovic A., Langa K.M. Does a helping hand mean a heavy heart? Helping behavior and well-being among spouse caregivers. Psychology and Aging, 2010. Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 108—117. DOI:10.1037/a0018064
  18. Bai P.-Y., Chen S.-Q., Jia D.-L, Pan L.-H., Liu C.-B., Liu J., Luo W., Yang Y., Sun M.-Y., Wan N.-F. et al. Environmental eustress improves postinfarction cardiac repair via enhancing cardiac macrophage survival. Science advances, 2022. Vol. 8, no. 17, 16 p. DOI:10.1126/sciadv.abm3436
  19. Finch C.E. Longevity, Senescence, and the Genome [Elektronnyi resurs]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990. 938 p. URL: (Accessed 26.07.2022).
  20. Friedman H.S., Martin L.R. The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade Study. New York: Hudson Street Press, 2012. 248 p.
  21. Matsumura T., Muraki I., Ikeda A., Yamagishi K., Shirai K., Yasuda N., Sawada N., Inoue M., Iso H., Brunner E.J. et al.Hobby Engagement and Risk of Disabling Dementia. Journal of Epidemiology, 2022. Article ID JE20210489. Advance online publication. DOI: 10.2188/jea.JE20210489
  22. An S., Ahn C., Moon S., Sim E.J., Park S.-.K. Individualized Biological Age as a Predictor of Disease: Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES) Cohort. Journal of Personalized Medicine, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 3, article ID 505, 11 p. DOI:10.3390/jpm12030505
  23. Tauchi H., Sato Т., Watanabe T. (eds.) Japanese Centenarians: Medical research for the Final Stages of Human Aging. Aichi: Aichi Medical University, 1999. 200 p.
  24. Koteneva A.V., Berezina T.N., Rybtsov S.A. Religiosity, Spirituality and Biopsychological Age of Professionals in Russia. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1221—1238. DOI:10.3390/ejihpe11040089
  25. Liddle J., Parkinson L., Sibbritt D. Health-related factors associated with participation in creative hobbies by Australian women aged in their eighties. Arts and Health, 2014. Vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 132—142. DOI:10.1080/17533015.2013.808253
  26. Martin L.R. Personality and Longevity. In Carducci B.J., Nave C.S. (eds.), The Wiley Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Vol. IV. Clinical, Applied, and Cross‐Cultural Research. Hoboken: Wiley Blackwell, 2020, pp. 353—358. DOI:10.1002/9781119547181.ch323
  27. Xia X., Chen W., McDermott J., Han J.-D.J. Molecular and phenotypic biomarkers of aging [version 1; peer review: 3 approved]. F1000Research, 2017. Vol. 6, article ID 860, 10 p. DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.10692.1
  28. Nieman D.C., Wentz L.M. The compelling link between physical activity and the body’s defense system. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 2019. Vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 201—217. DOI:10.1016/j.jshs.2018.09.009
  29. Maruta T., Colligan R.C., Malinchoc M., Offord K.P. Optimists vs Pessimists: Survival Rate Medical Patients Over a 30-Year Period. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 2000. Vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 140—143. DOI:10.4065/75.2.140
  30. Clatici V.G., Racoceanu D., Dalle C., Voicu C., Tomas-Aragones L., Marron S.E., Wollina U., Fica S. Perceived Age and Life Style. The Specific Contributions of Seven Factors Involved in Health and Beauty [Elektronnyi resurs]. Maedica  — a Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2017. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 191—201. URL: (Accessed 12.12.2022).
  31. Lee D.R., Kawas C.H., Gibbs L., Corrada M.M. Prevalence of Frailty and Factors Associated with Frailty in Individuals Aged 90 and Older: The 90+ Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 2016. Vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 2257—2262. DOI:10.1111/jgs.14317
  32. Pyrkov T.V., Sokolov I.S., Fedichev P.O. Deep longitudinal phenotyping of wearable sensor data reveals independent markers of longevity, stress, and resilience. Aging, 2021. Vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 7900—7913. DOI:10.18632/aging.202816
  33. Rastelli C., Greco A., Kenett Y.N., Finocchiaro C., Pisapia N. De Simulated visual hallucinations in virtual reality enhance cognitive flexibility. Scientific Reports, 2022. Vol. 12, article ID 4027, 14 p. DOI:10.1038/s41598-022-08047-w
  34. Conti V., Corbi G., Manzo V., Pelaia G., Filippelli A., Vatrella A. Sirtuin 1 and Aging Theory for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Analytical Cellular Pathology, 2015. Vol. 2015, article ID 897327, 8 p. DOI:10.1155/2015/897327
  35. Snowdon D. Aging with Grace: What the Nun Study Teaches Us About Leading Longer, Healthier, and More Meaningful Lives [Elektronnyi resurs]. New York: Bantam Books, 2001. 242 p. URL: (дата обращения 26.07.2022).
  36. Adler N.E., Boyce T., Chesney M.A., Cohen S., Folkman S., Kahn R.L., Syme S.L. Socioeconomic Status and Health: The Challenge of the Gradient. American Psychologist, 1994. Vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 15—24. DOI:10.1037//0003-066x.49.1.15
  37. Stellos K., Spyridopoulos I. Exercise, telomerase activity, and cardiovascular disease prevention. European Heart Journal, 2019. Vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 47—49. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy707
  38. Svebak S., Romundstad S., Holmen J. A 7-Year Prospective Study of Sense of Humor and Mortality in an Adult County Population: The HUNT-2 Study. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 2010. Vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 125—146. DOI:10.2190/PM.40.2.a
  39. Twohig-Bennett C., Jones A. The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of greenspace exposure and health outcomes. Environmental research, 2018. Vol. 166, pp. 628—637. DOI:10.1016/j.envres.2018.06.030
  40. Vargas-Ortiz K., Pérez-Vázquez V., Macías-Cervantes M.H. Exercise and Sirtuins: A Way to Mitochondrial Health in Skeletal Muscle. International Journal Molecular Sciences, 2019. Vol. 20, no. 11, article ID 2717, 11 p. DOI: 10.3390/ijms20112717
  41. Voitenko, V.P., Tokar, A.V. The assessment of biological age and sex differences of human aging. Experimental Aging Research, 1983. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 239—244. DOI:10.1080/03610738308258458
  42. Wang H., Tassinary L.G. Effects of greenspace morphology on mortality at the neighbourhood level: a cross-sectional ecological study. The Lancet Planetary health, 2019. Vol. 3, no. 11, pp. e460—e468. DOI:10.1016/S2542-5196(19)30217-7
  43. Yorkston K.M., Bourgeois M.S., Baylor C.R. Communication and Aging. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America, 2010. Vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 309—319. DOI:10.1016/j.pmr.2009.12.011
  44. Zinatullina A.M., Melnik V.P., Zimina A.A. Personal Factors of Biological Aging in Working and Non-Working Respondents in Late Maturity Period. International Journal of Health Sciences, 2021. Vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 639—648. DOI:10.53730/ijhs.v5n3.2790

Information About the Authors

Tatiana N. Berezina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychology and Sociology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Anna V. Litvinova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Basis of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Azalia M. Zinatullina, PhD Student, Department of Scientific Basis of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 451
Previous month: 17
Current month: 15


Total: 222
Previous month: 4
Current month: 9