Subjective Well-Being of 10- and 12-year-old Children in the Space of Satisfaction with Family, School and Friends

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Abstract

The research presented in the article aims to identify the joint influence of family, school relationships and relationships with friends on overall life satisfaction and subjective well-being in children. The experiment was implemented within the framework of the International Survey of Children’s Well-being — Children’s Worlds (ISCWeB).In the course of the study we have developed a special set of tools for classifying children’s satisfaction with family, school, and friends. The analysis of the formed clusters allowed us to take into account the multidimensionality and heterogeneity of the phenomenon. The adaptation and testing of the proposed technique was carried out on a sample of 1959 schoolchildren of the Tyumen region, aged 10 and 12 years. According to the results, the number of clusters formed and their qualitative composition are not uniform, which confirms the age dynamics of the phenomenon.10-year-old children are more categorical in assessing their well-being and satisfaction with life: they are either satisfied with life or not satisfied.12-year-old children are more detailed in assessing life satisfaction; they are able to identify various spheres and aspects of their lives and to carry out a differentiated assessment.

General Information

Keywords: subjective well-being of children; indicators of well-being; satisfaction with family, school, friends; factor analysis; cluster analysis; classification trees

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2021260613

Funding. The article was written within the state assignment of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation “Scientific and methodological development of a child well-being assessment system in the Russian Federation”, no.073-00041-21-03 dated 11.06.2021.

Received: 22.11.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Bruk Z.Y., Ignatjeva S.V. Subjective Well-Being of 10- and 12-year-old Children in the Space of Satisfaction with Family, School and Friends. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2021. Vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 164–175. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2021260613. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Zhanna Y. Bruk, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Chair of Psychology and Pedagogy of Childhood, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, Tyumen State University, Researcher of the Children’s Worlds — The International Survey of Children’s Well-Being (ISCWeB), Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2806-2513, e-mail: z.y.bruk@utmn.ru

Svetlana V. Ignatjeva, PhD in Physics and Matematics, Head of Computer Science Department, Daugavpils University, Professor at the Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia, Daugavpils, Latvia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3608-8409, e-mail: svetlana.ignatjeva@du.lv