Self-Regulation of Convicts Who Have Committed Repeated Crimes

212

Abstract

The article considers the personality traits of criminals identified on the basis of MMPI. Various types of offenders’ motives for criminal aggression are analyzed. The article describes the value-normative approach to the study of the personality of a criminal, imple-mented by A.R. Ratinov and the staff of the laboratory of the Institute of Public Prosecution led by him. Considerable attention is paid to the elaboration of issues of assessing the risk factors of repeated crime when deciding on the release of convicts on parole and predicting their behavior after the release. It is shown that an important mechanism in the commission of a crime, as well as any act, is self-regulation of the individual. It is hypothesized that convicts who have committed repeated crimes have lower levels of self-regulation than persons who have been convicted for the first time, which contributes to the commission of repeated crimes. The features of self-regulation of offenders have also been revealed, taking into account the structure of their temperament (according to V.M. Rusalov) and the nature of the crime committed (violent and mercenary). This will allow employees of the psychological service of the penitentiary system to prepare convicts for release in a more individualized manner.

General Information

Keywords: volitional self-regulation, repeated criminals, recidivists, convicts, individuals who com-mitted repeated crimes, recidivism, repeated crime, assessment of recidivism risk factors, temperament and its structure, autonomy, planning

Journal rubric: Penitentiary Psychology and Penal Practice

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120203

Received: 12.11.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Konopleva I.N., Knyazeva S., Debolsky M.G., Krasnenkova S. Self-Regulation of Convicts Who Have Committed Repeated Crimes [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 27–41. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120203. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Inga N. Konopleva, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8540-8667, e-mail: konopleva.i.n@gmail.com

Svetlana Knyazeva, Master of Psychology, Faculty of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6120-5873, e-mail: knyazeva.89@yandex.ru

Michael G. Debolsky, PhD in Psychology, professor, Professor, Department of legal psychology and law, faculty of legal psychology, MSUPE, leading researcher, PKU research Institute of the Federal penitentiary service, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2601-0077, e-mail: mdebolsky@mail.ru

Svetlana Krasnenkova, PhD in Psychology, Deputy Director for Social and Psychological Work, School No. 1, Voronezh, Voronezh, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8135-1854, e-mail: skrasnenkova@mail.ru

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