Personal Correlates of Dependence on Social Networks of Belarusian and Russian Men and Women

135

Abstract

Objective. Identification and analysis of personal correlates of dependence on social networks in Belarusian and Russian respondents.
Context and relevance. Social networks have now become very popular as a means of communication, but their excessive use is associated with the psychological risks of addiction. Identification of the relationship between addiction to social networks and the personal characteristics of their active users can contribute to the timely prevention of addictive behavior.
Study design. The study was carried out using a socio-psychological survey to identify a set of personality characteristics and their relationship with indicators of dependence on social networks in Russian and Belarusian men and women separately.
Participants. The 766 respondents: 404 Belarusians (74,3% women) and 362 Russians (65,7% women). The average age of the participants was 20,5 years (SD = 5,4).
Methods (tools). The personality questionnaires; the analysis of the correlations of social media addiction with impulsivity, narcissism, exposure to manipulation, assertiveness, and smartphone addiction.
Results. The dependence on social networks in all respondents is positively correlated with impulsivity and dependence on a smartphone (smartphone addiction). The correlate social media addiction and assertiveness, narcissism, and vulnerability to manipulation differs between Belarusian and Russian men and women.
Conclusions. The correlations of dependence on social networks with the personal characteristics of users revealed during the study can be taken into account in explanatory, preventive and corrective work.

General Information

Keywords: dependence on social networks, smartphone addiction, personality correlates, impulsiveness, narcissism, assertiveness, exposure to manipulation

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2023140108

Received: 13.04.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Sheinov V.P., Belykh T.V., Nizovskikh N.A., Dziavitsyn A.S. Personal Correlates of Dependence on Social Networks of Belarusian and Russian Men and Women. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 132–149. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2023140108. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Viktor P. Sheinov, Doctor of Sociology, PhD in Physics and Matematics, Professor, Professor of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogical Skills, Republican Institute of Higher Education, Minsk, Belarus, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2191-646X, e-mail: sheinov1@mail.ru

Tatiana V. Belykh, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Social Psychology of Education and Development, Saratov National Research State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2478-3460, e-mail: tvbelih@mail.ru

Nina A. Nizovskikh, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor Department of Psychology, Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology, Vyatka State University, Kirov, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5541-5049, e-mail: nina.nizovskikh@gmail.com

Anton S. Dziavitsyn, Senior Lecturer of the Web-Technologies and Computer Simulation Department, Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty, Belarusian State University, Minsk, Belarus, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2804-4107, e-mail: a.dziavitsyn@gmail.com

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