Experience of using fairy tale fable in programs of basic prevention of use of psychoactive substances and risky behavior among children of junior school age

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Abstract

In this article we describe the experience of developing and implementation of primary prevention programs of psychoactive substance abuse and risky behavior among children of 7-11 years old. It is shown that taking into account psychological peculiarities of this age, narrative-game form based on fairy tale fable can solve several important problems: keeping motivation for participation in the program, development of adaptive forms of behavior, actualization of moral values. It is emphasized that there is an important additional result of such programs - involvement of social surroundings of children (elder teenagers, students, parents, teachers, members of school administration) in prevention environment. The contribution presents detailed descriptions of scripts of classes from two author programs aimed at prevention of disturbed forms of adaptation, addiction to psychoactive substances and HIV-infection for children of junior school age.

General Information

Keywords: primary prevention, prevention of psychoactive substances abuse, prevention of alcoholism and drug addiction, prevention of HIV/AIDS, fairy tale fable in prevention programs

Journal rubric: Methods and Techniques

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Sirota N.A., Vorobieva T.V., Yaltonskaya A.V. Experience of using fairy tale fable in programs of basic prevention of use of psychoactive substances and risky behavior among children of junior school age [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2012. Vol. 1, no. 2 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Dubrovinskaya E.I., Vukolova P.M. Mul'tikomponentnaya programma profilaktiki narushennyh form adaptacii detei mladshego shkol'nogo vozrasta «Korabl'» / Pod red. N.A. Sirota, V.M. Yaltonskogo. NKO Fond «Sistema profilakticheskih programm». Moskva, 2005.
  2. Sirota N. A., Yaltonskii V.M. Profilaktika narkomanii u podrostkov. Ot teorii k praktike. M., 2001.
  3. Spranger B.E. Klyuchevye principy postroeniya profilakticheskih programm dlya podrostkov // Voprosy narkologii. 1993, №3.

Information About the Authors

Nataliya A. Sirota, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Dean, Department Clinical Psychology, Head of Chair Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A. I. Evdokimov, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: sirotan@mail.ru

Tatiyana V. Vorobieva, PhD in Medicine, state educational institution Moscow State University of Medicine and Stomatology named after A.I.Evdokimov, Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia

Aleksandra V. Yaltonskaya, PhD in Medicine, psychiatrist, psychotherapist, senior researcher, Department of Preventive Addiction, Research Institute on Addiction, senior researcher, Department for Preventive Narcology, Serbsky Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: yaltonskayaa@gmail.com

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