Features of Sport Achievement Motivation in Youth Football Players



The article presents the review of foreign publications on peculiarities of achievement motivation in young football players. Sport motivation is examined within the framework of the theory of self-determination. External and internal motivations and their typical for teenage players forms are highlighted. The review denotes that motivation varies depending on the age and skills of juniors, becoming less autonomous in early adolescence, and more autonomous as skills are acquired. The importance of the influence of social agents (parents, peers, coach) on the formation and increase of the level of internal motivation of football players is demonstrated. There is a connection between the motivational climate, encouraged by the coach and parents, and getting pleasure from training and competitions, the formation of perseverance and purposefulness, as well as efficiency in setting goals and completing tasks. The importance of age-related psychological and physiological characteristics of players is also emphasized, since the use of only external stimuli (punishment and encouragement) instead of the development of internal motivation can lead to negative consequences and unwillingness to engage in this sport in the future. The conclusion is made about the importance of a comprehensive study of motivationally significant influence on the part of coaches, parents and peers at different stages of age development of young football players.

General Information

Keywords: football, achievement motivation, theory of self-determination, internal motivation, external motivation, adolescence, social agents, motivational climate, leadership style

Journal rubric: Special (Branch) Psychology

Article type: review article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/jmfp.2023120109

Received: 06.07.2022


For citation: Fomichenko A.S., Ivanov N.S. Features of Sport Achievement Motivation in Youth Football Players [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 80–88. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2023120109. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. McCann B., McCarthy P., Cooper K., Forbes-McKay K., Keegan R. A retrospective investigation of the perceived influence of coaches, parents and peers on talented football players’ motivation during development. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2022. Vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1227—1250. DOI:10.1080/10413200.2021.1963013
  2. Zeng Z., Cuello A., Skelly J., Gigliello C., Riveras S. An Investigation of Youth Football Players’ Participation Motivations and Health Related Behaviors [Elektronnyi resurs]. The Sport Journal, 2018. URL: https://thesportjournal.org/article/an-investigation-of-youth-football-players-participation-motivations-and-health-related-behaviors/ (Accessed 07.03.2023).
  3. Deci E.L., Ryan R.M. The “What” and “Why” of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self Determination of Behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 2000. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 227—268. DOI:10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01
  4. Duda J.L., Balaguer I. Coach-created motivational climate. In Jowette S., Lavallee D. (eds.), Social Psychology in Sport. Champaign: Human Kinetics, 2007, pp. 117—130. DOI:10.5040/9781492595878.ch-009
  5. Eleftheriadis L. Coaching leadership approach, children’s performance and motivation to continue football training [Elektronnyi resurs]. PhD Thesis. Kajaani, 2019. 44 p. URL: https://www.theseus.fi/handle/10024/172325 (Accessed 07.03.2023).
  6. Gledhill A., Harwood C., Forsdyke D. Psychosocial factors associated with talent development in football: a systematic review. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2017. Vol. 31, pp. 93—112. DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.04.002
  7. Hollembeak J., Amorose A.J. Perceived Coaching Behaviors and College Athletes' Intrinsic Motivation: A Test of Self-Determination Theory. Journal of Applied Sport psychology, 2005. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 20—36. DOI:10.1080/10413200590907540
  8. Intrinsic motivaiton and self-determination in exercise and sport: Reflecting on the past and sketching the future. In Hagger M.S., Chatzisarantis N.L.D. (eds.), Intrinsic motivaiton and self-determination in exercise and sport. Champaign: Human Kinetics, 2007, pp. 281—296. DOI:10.5040/9781718206632.0008
  9. Keatlholetswe L., Malete L. Coaching Efficacy, Player Perceptions of Coaches’ Leadership Styles, and Team Performance in Premier League Soccer. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2019. Vol. 90, no. 1, pp. 1—9. DOI:10.1080/02701367.2018.1563277
  10. Legg E. The purpose of sport: perspectives of players, coaches, parents, and administrators. Managing Sport and Leisure, 2021. Vol. 26, no. 1—2, pp. 80—92. DOI:10.1080/23750472.2020.1792800
  11. McClelland D. The achieving society. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1961. 512 p.
  12. Mladenović M., Marjanović A. Some Differences in Sports Motivation of Young Football Players from Russia, Serbia and Montenegro. SportLogia, 2011. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 145—153. DOI:10.5550/sgia.110702.en.145M
  13. Jowett S., Adie J.W., Bartholomew K.J., Yang S.X., Gustafsson H., Lopez-Jimenez A. Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: A multi-cultural self-determination approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2017. Vol. 32, pp. 143—152. DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004
  14. Mouloud K., Nawal K. Sport achievement motivation in youth football players [Elektronnyi resurs]. VIREF Revista de Educación Física, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 41—47. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340579209_Sport_achievement_motivation_in_youth_football_players (Accessed 07.03.2023).
  15. Ntoumanis N. A self-determination approach to the understanding of motivation in physical education. The British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2001. Vol. 71, no. 2, pp. 225—242. DOI:10.1348/000709901158497
  16. Otis N., Grouzet F.M.E., Pelletier L.G. Latent motivational change in an academic setting: a 3-year longitudinal study. Journal of Educational Psychology, 2005. Vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 170—183. DOI:10.1037/0022-0663.97.2.170
  17. Ommundsen Y., Roberts G.C., Lemyre P.N., Miller B.W. Parental and coach support or pressure on psychosocial outcomes of paediatric athletes in soccer. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, 2006. Vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 522—526. DOI:10.1097/01.jsm.0000248845.39498.56
  18. Perera H. Does the coach leadership behavior mediate the influence of factors affecting coach leadership behavioral styles on team success? International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 2019. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 51—57. DOI:10.13189/saj.2019.070302
  19. Hancox J.E., Quested E., Ntoumanis N., Thogersen-Ntoumani C. Putting self-determination theory into practice: application of adaptive motivational principles in the exercise domain. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 2018. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 75—91. DOI:10.1080/2159676X.2017.1354059
  20. Ryan R.M., Deci E.L. Supporting autonomy, competence, and relatedness: The coaching process from a self-determination theory perspective. In English S., Sabatine J.M., Brownell P. (eds.), Professional coaching: Principles and practice. New York: Springer, 2019, pp. 231—246.
  21. Sapieja K.M., Dunn J.G.H., Holt N.L. Perfectionism and perceptions of parenting 15 styles in male youth soccer. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 2011. Vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 20—39. DOI:10.1123/jsep.33.1.20
  22. Sulistiyono S., Agus K., Sapta K. Improving Skills and Character Youth Football Player through Games Experience Coaching Model. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 2021. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 171—179. DOI:10.13189/saj.2021.090202
  23. Taylor I. The five self-determination mini-theories applied to sport. In Mellalieu S.D., Hanton S. (eds.), Contemporary Advances in Sport Psychology. London: Routledge, 2015, pp. 68—90.
  24. Nasiruddin M.N., Omar-Fauzee M.S., Sin I., Omar M.N. The Motivation of Football Players: The Impact of Coach Leadership Style in Malaysian Sports Schools. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 2020. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 124—133. DOI:10.13189/saj.2020.080404
  25. Keegan R., Spray C.M., Harwood C.G., Lavallee D. The motivational atmosphere in youth sport: Coach, parent, and peer influences on motivation in specializing sport participants. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2010. Vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 87—105. DOI:10.1080/10413200903421267
  26. Barkoukis V., Taylor I., Chanal J., Ntoumanis N. The relation between student motivation and student grades in physical education: a 3-year investigation. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 2014. Vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 406—414. DOI:10.1111/sms.12174
  27. Scanlan T.K., Simons J.P., Carpenter P.J., Schmidt G.W., Keeler B. The sport commitment model: measurement development for the youth-sport domain. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1993. Vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 16—38. DOI:10.1123/jsep.15.1.16
  28. Tod D. Sport psychology: the basics (the 1st Ed.). New York: Routledge, 2014. 206 p. DOI:10.4324/9781315774428
  29. Ullrich-French S., Smith A.L. Social and motivational predictors of continued 10 youth sport participation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2009. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 87—95. DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2008.06.007
  30. Wylleman P., Lavallee D. A developmental perspective on transitions faced by athletes. In Weiss M. (ed.), Developmental sport and exercise psychology: A lifespan perspective. Morgantown: Fitness Information Technology, 2004, pp. 507—527.
  31. Zeng H.Z., Yang Y. Participation motivations and related elements of collegiate Martial arts athletes from Central China regional. Journal of Physical Education & Sport, 2021. Vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1567—1579. DOI:10.7752/jpes.2021.03199
  32. Zuber C., Zibung M., Conzelmann A. Motivational patterns as an instrument for predicting success in promising young football players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2015. Vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 160‒168. DOI:10.1080/02640414.2014.928827

Information About the Authors

Anna S. Fomichenko, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Foreign Languages, Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8236-610X, e-mail: anzitadel@mail.ru

Nikita S. Ivanov, Coach, Football Club Academy “Orenburg”, Orenburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0009-6770-3134, e-mail: ins056@mail.ru



Total: 142
Previous month: 20
Current month: 33


Total: 36
Previous month: 1
Current month: 3