Adult image in orphaned children raised in group home

1019

Abstract

The article deals with the problem of socialization of orphans growing up in institutions. The decisive role of a significant adult in a child’s personal and social development is emphasized; the most important aspects of perception of an adult are outlined. The article presents the results of empirical research of image of an adult in orphaned children. The article describes original method of play diagnostics that includes different role positions of an adult such as partner in communication, caregiver, authority figure, educator. The in the research two samples of elder preschoolers (5–7 years old) living in institutions and in families were compared. The results prove that an orphaned child perceives an adult as a person who does not respect child’s rights and interests, hampers child’s initiative and acts in directive manner to fulfill his (her) own goals.

General Information

Keywords: orphans, image of an adult, socialization, partnership, care

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

For citation: Romanovsky N.V. Adult image in orphaned children raised in group home. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2009. Vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 58–66.

References

  1. Asmolov A. G. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psihologiya i konstruirovanie mirov // Psiholog. Psihopedagog. Psihoistorik. M., 1996.
  2. Berlingeim D. Doedipovy otnosheniya mezhdu otcom i rebenkom // Zhurnal prakticheskoi psihologii i psihoanaliza. 2002. № 2.
  3. Berns R. Razvitie Ya-koncepcii i vospitanie. M., 1986.
  4. Bi H. Razvitie rebenka. Spb., 2004.
  5. Bozhovich L. I. Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste. M., 1968.
  6. Vygotsky L. S. Sobranie sochinenii. M., 1984.
  7. James W. Psihologiya. M., 1991.
  8. Doklad Soveta Federacii «O polozhenii detei v Rossiiskoi Federacii» (v izlozhenii). Parlamentskaya gazeta. M., 2006.
  9. Dubrovina I. V. Psihologicheskoe razvitie vospitannikov detskih domov. M., 1990.
  10. Kail Robert. Tainy psihiki rebenka. SPb., 2002.
  11. Kulagina I. Yu., Kolyuckii V. N. Vozrastnaya psihologiya, polnyi zhiznennyi cikl razvitiya cheloveka. M., 2006.
  12. Langmeier Y., Mateichek Z. Psihicheskaya deprivaciya v detskom vozraste. Praga, 1984.
  13. Lisina M. I. Obshenie s vzroslymi u detei pervyh 7 let zhizni (problemy obshei, vozrastnoi i pedagogicheskoi psihologii / Pod red. V. V. Davydova. M., 1978.
  14. Moskolenko N. V. Podgotovka uchashihsya starshih klassov special'noi (korrekcionnoi) shkoly–internata k samostoyatel'noi zhizni. Diss. …kand. ped. nauk. M., 2001.
  15. Prihozhan A. M., Tolstyh N. N. Psihologiya sirotstva. 2-e izd. SPb., 2005.
  16. Prihozhan A. M., Tolstyh N. N. Osobennosti razvitiya lichnosti detei, vospityvayushihsya v usloviyah materinskoi deprivacii // Psihologicheskaya
    nauka i obrazovanie. 2009. № 3.
  17. Ritcer J. Sovremennye sociologicheskie teorii. Spb., 2002.
  18. Satir V. Psihoterapiya sem'i. SPb., 2006.
  19. Sem'ya v psihologicheskoi konsul'tacii: Opyt i problemy psihologicheskogo konsul'tirovaniya / Pod red. A. A. Bodaleva, V. V. Stolina. M., 1989.
  20. Fel'dshtein D. I. Psihologiya vzrosleniya: strukturno-soderzhatel'nye harakteristiki processa razvitiya lichnosti: Izbrannye trudy. M., 1999.
  21. Homentauskas G. Sem'ya glazami rebenka: deti i psihologicheskie problemy v sem'e. Ekaterinburg, 2006.
  22. Yakobson S. G., Moreva G. I. Obraz sebya i moral'noe povedenie doshkol'nikov // Voprosy psihologii. 1989. № 6.

Information About the Authors

Nikolay V. Romanovsky, PhD in Psychology, Research Associate, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, department of neuro – and pathopsychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: romanovskij2@gmail.com