Subjective Well-Being of Graduates of Orphan Organizations Living in Various Settings

284

Abstract

The article is devoted to the outcomes of the first Russian study of subjective well-being in graduates of orphan organizations living in various settings: orphan institutions, specialized housing facilities, dormitories of vocational education organizations, as well as in rented or assigned housing. It is shown that the level of subjective well-being depends on the possibility of preserving the stereotypes of living arrangements and relationships formed in the orphanage: the lower the level of requirements for independence, and the real autonomy of housing, the higher the proportion of graduates with a high level of subjective well-being. It is proved that the graduates’ attitude to self is related to living conditions. Those graduates who live with constant pedagogical support are more satisfied with themselves as compared to other groups, cope better with difficulties and overcome stressful situations more effectively. Low resilience and high victimization are characteristic of those who return to assigned housing. Living in state housing is what promotes growing up the most, and so does renting a house on one’s own.

General Information

Keywords: graduates of orphan organizations, subjective well-being, system of relations, living conditions, post-orphanage period

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2021260617

Funding. The reported study was funded by the state assignment of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation “Scientific and methodological development of a system of tools for assessing the readiness of graduates of organizations for orphans and children without parental care, graduates of foster care to live independently and the success of social adaptation after graduation from organizations and completion of stay in foster families”, no.073-00041-21-03 dated 11.06.2021.

Received: 22.11.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Oslon V.N., Semya G.V., Kolesnikova U.V., Yarovikova O.A. Subjective Well-Being of Graduates of Orphan Organizations Living in Various Settings. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2021. Vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 211–224. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2021260617. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Veronika N. Oslon, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology named after L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9625-7307, e-mail: oslonvn@mgppu.ru

Galina V. Semya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology named after Professor L.F. Obukhova" Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Professor of the Department of Psychological Anthropology of the Institute of Childhood of the Moscow Pedagogical State University., Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9583-8698, e-mail: gvsemia@yandex.ru

Ulyana V. Kolesnikova, Research Associate, Center of Applied Psychological and Pedagogical Studies, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5328-8621, e-mail: kolesnikovauv@mgppu.ru

Olga A. Yarovikova, Head of the Structural Division, Center for the Protection of Children’s Rights and Interests, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3862-0902, e-mail: o.yarovikova@mail.ru

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