The Relationship Between the Level and Structure of Subjective Well-Being in High School Students

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Abstract

The article presents the study of the structure of subjective well–being (SWB) of senior schoolchildren, taking into account the actual and real level of its indicators and factors. 3282 students of grades 7-11 of the Tyumen region were interviewed. The author's questionnaire was used as a tool in the study, built on the basis of the of The International Survey of Children’s Well-Being (ISCWeB) – Children's World is taken as a basis. High school students assessed how important a specific SWB indicator (actual level) and its severity (real level) are for them. Factor analysis allowed us to determine the following structure of the SWB: family, school, agency, status, social loyalty, security and romantic relationships. Two-stage cluster analysis in the space of selected factors allowed dividing schoolchildren into 3 cluster groups, homogeneous with respect to the phenomenon under consideration: Romantics, Conformists, Rebels. The analysis of the weighting coefficients of the actual and real level of SWB in all three groups showed that those who have the structure of all factors of SWB harmoniously correlated are more satisfied and prosperous – Romantics, a low level of SWB is noted in Rebels.

General Information

Keywords: subjective well-being of high school students, indicators of wellbeing, the structure of the SWB, the actual level of the SWB, the real level of the SWB, balance

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2022270610

Funding. The article was written within the state assignment of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation “Scientific and methodological development of a child well-being assessment system in the Russian Federation”, no. 073-00041-21-03 dated 11.06.2021.

Received: 26.08.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Bruk Z.Yu., Fedina L.V., Volosnikova L.M., Patrusheva I.V., Kukuev E.A. The Relationship Between the Level and Structure of Subjective Well-Being in High School Students. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2022. Vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 130–143. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2022270610.

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Information About the Authors

Zhanna Y. Bruk, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Chair of childhood`s psychology and pedagogy, School of Education, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2806-2513, e-mail: z.y.bruk@utmn.ru

Lyudmila V. Fedina, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Chair of childhood`s psychology and pedagogy, School of Education, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2822-0692, e-mail: l.v.fedina@utmn.ru

Lyudmila M. Volosnikova, PhD in History, Associate Professor, Professor at the School of Education, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4774-3720, e-mail: l.m.volosnikova@utmn.ru

Inga V. Patrusheva, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Chair of General and Social Pedagogy, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7121-4223, e-mail: inga-p@mail.ru

Evgeny A. Kukuev, PhD in Psychology, Тhe Chair of Child Psychology and Pedagogy, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2226-8679, e-mail: e.a.kukuev@utmn.ru

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