Gender Features of Intellectual Development of Students of VI-X Classes



The study was conducted as part of the monitoring of giftedness, organized by the City Resource Centre of Giftedness, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, in 2012. One of the objectives of the study was the identification of gender-specific intelligence in high school students at different grade levels. The sample size was 2023 students of VI-X grades from 24 schools in Moscow, including 990 boys and 1033 girls. Intelligence was measured using Raven's "Standard Progressive Matrices Plus". It is shown that in VI-VIII grades, the percent of girls with "intelligence is clearly above average" is more, and with the "intelligence is clearly below average" is less than of boys, and the proportions of students of both sexes with average intelligence at this stage of training are almost identical. In IX and X grades, the differences in proportions were found. In general, girls also show significantly higher rates for subscales B, C and D and the total scale of the test than boys, and no differences were revealed in the subscales A and E. The tendency was shown of decreasing the differences with age: girls performed better on scales A and B in VI-IX grades (p < 0,01 and p < 0,05), on the scale of C and D in the VI-VII grades (p < 0,001 and p < 0,05). In grade X, no gender differences were shown. We statistically confirmed the trend of rising intelligence with age in both boys and girls. The consideration of these features is required in the school teacher working with the high school students.

General Information

Keywords: giftedstudents, general intellectual ability, Raven’s test "Standard Progressive Matrices Plus", gender differences in intelligence, Mann-Whitney test, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Student's t test, Fisher test, univariate analysis

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Sorokova M.G., Ermakov S.S. Gender Features of Intellectual Development of Students of VI-X Classes [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2014. Vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 56–70. DOI: 10.17759/psyedu.2014060406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Bendas T.V.Gendernaiapsikhologiia [Gender psychology]. St. Petersburg: Piter, 2006. 431 p.
  2. Bern M.Sh. Gendernayapsikhologiya [Gender psychology.].St. Petersburg:PRAIM-EVROZNAK, 2002. 320 p.
  3. GolubevaE.A. Sposobnosti. Lichnost. Individualnost [Ability. Personality. Individuality.]. Dubna: Feniks+, 2005. 512 p.
  4. EsipenkoЕ.А., Chodanovich M.U.  Polovyerazlichiyaprivypolneniikognitivnyhzadaniiraznoislozhnosti [Sex differences in the performance of cognitive tasks of varying complexity]. VestnikTomskogogosudarstvennogouniversiteta [Bulletin of the Tomsk State University], 2014, no. 379, pp. 214–221.
  5. Klecina I.S.Gendernayapsikhologiya [Gender psychology]. 2-e izd. Saint Petersburg:Piter, 2009. 496 p.
  6. Nasledov A.D.Matematicheskiemetodypsikhologicheskogoissledovaniya [Mathematical methods of psychological research]. 2-e izd.Saint Petersburg: Rech', 2006. 392 p.
  7. Raven J.C., Court J.H.,Raven J.Rukovodstvo k ProgressivnymMatritsamRavena i SlovarnymShkalam. Razdel 3. StandartnyeProgressivnyeMatritsy (VkliuchaiaParallel'nye i Pliusversii) [Guide to Raven's Progressive Matrices and Vocabulary Scales. Section 3. Standard Progressive Matrices (Including the Parallel and Plus version)]. Moscow: Kogito-tsentr, 2002. 144 p. (in Russ.)
  8. Sorokova M.G.Metodymatematicheskoistatistiki v psikhologii [Methods of mathematical statistics in psychology]. Saarbruecken: PalmariumAcademicPublishing, 2014. 412 p.
  9. Shumakova N.B.Psikhologicheskieosobennostirazvitiyaintellektual'noodarennykhdeteimladshegoshkol'nogovozrasta [Psychological features of development of intellectually gifted children of primary school age]. Psikhologicheskayanauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2012. no. 4. Available at:  (Accessed 24.01.2014) (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  10. Scheblanova E.I. Problemagendernyhrazlichii v psihologiiodarennosti [The problem of gender differences in psychology of giftedness].Teoreticheskaya i eksperimentalnayapsikhologiya [Theoretical and Experimental Psychology], 2008, no.1, pp. 56–66.
  11. El'konin D.B. K problem periodizatsiipsikhicheskogorazvitiia v detskomvozraste [On the problem of periodization of mental development in children].Voprosypsikhologii [Questions of psychology], 1971, no. 4, pp. 6–20.
  12. Iurkevich V.S.Sovremennye problem raboty s odarennymidet'mi [Modern problems of working with gifted children]. Psikhologicheskaianauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2010. no. 5. Available at:  (Accessed 24.01.2014)

Information About the Authors

Marina G. Sorokova, Doctor of Education, PhD in Physics and Matematics, docent, Head of Scientific and Practical Center for Comprehensive Support of Psychological Research "PsyDATA", Head of the Department of Digital Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Sergey S. Ermakov, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher of the Laboratory "Information Technologies for Psychological Diagnostics" Associate Professor of the Department of "Age Psychology named after Professor L.F.Obukhova" of the Faculty of "Psychology of Education", Associate Professor of the Department of "Applied Mathematics" of the Faculty of "Information Technology"., Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 3062
Previous month: 8
Current month: 4


Total: 1871
Previous month: 8
Current month: 4