Psychological Resources and Personal Deficits of Graduates of Organizations for Orphans

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Abstract

The article presents the results of a study of psychological resources and personal deficits of graduates of organizations for orphans, in which 164 people participated: 106 (average age 15.96+1.01) expected to graduate from the organization soon, 58 (average age 13.4+0.76) were far from graduation. The groups did not differ by gender (c2=1.467 at p=0.147). It is established that the psychological resources of graduates are social skills, emotional intelligence and some constructive coping strategies. In girls, the degree of severity of these parameters is slightly lower than in boys. And the graduates-boys — are lower than the boys of the younger group. It was found that the severity of constructive coping among respondents has a reduced character even in comparison with groups with congenital and acquired disabilities. It is shown that the cause of personality deficits in pupils is psychotraumatization. Psychological traumas are more often associated with withdrawal from the family, especially among graduates, and more often among girls who have been brought up in the organization for more than 3-5 years. A characteristic shift in the fixation of the time of a traumatic event is highlighted. At the same time, girls feel more traumatized and react less constructively to trauma. It has been established that informants are characterized by a situational predisposition to delinquent, dependent, aggressive and autoaggressive behavior, which indicates a mild degree of socio-psychological maladaptation. Graduates have a higher propensity for dependent behavior. They are also more likely to use unconstructive coping strategies when coping with stress.

General Information

Keywords: orphans, graduates, organizations for orphans, psychological resources, personal deficits

Journal rubric: Age-Related Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/ssc.2022030205

Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00110-22-02 dated 08.04.2022 “Scientific and methodological development of a system for assessing the readiness of graduates of organizations for orphans and children left without parental care, graduates of substitute families to live independently and the success of social adaptation after graduation from organizations and completion of stay in substitute families”.

Received: 21.11.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Oslon V.N., Odintsova M.A., Semya G.V., Kolesnikova U.V. Psychological Resources and Personal Deficits of Graduates of Organizations for Orphans [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsial’nye nauki i detstvo = Social Sciences and Childhood, 2022. Vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 69–89. DOI: 10.17759/ssc.2022030205. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Veronika N. Oslon, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology named after L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9625-7307, e-mail: oslonvn@mgppu.ru

Maria A. Odintsova, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Head of the Department of Psychology and Pedagogy of Distance Learning, Faculty of Distance Learning, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3106-4616, e-mail: mari505@mail.ru

Galina V. Semya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology named after Professor L.F. Obukhova" Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Professor of the Department of Psychological Anthropology of the Institute of Childhood of the Moscow Pedagogical State University., Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9583-8698, e-mail: gvsemia@yandex.ru

Ulyana V. Kolesnikova, Research Associate, Center of Applied Psychological and Pedagogical Studies, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5328-8621, e-mail: kolesnikovauv@mgppu.ru

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