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Клиническая и специальная психология

Издатель: Московский государственный психолого-педагогический университет

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

Лицензия: CC BY-NC 4.0

Издается с 2012 года

Периодичность: 4 номера в год

Формат: сетевое издание

Язык журнала: русский, английский

Доступ к электронным архивам: открытый

 

Лечение социального тревожного расстройства: механизмы, методы и эмпирически подтвержденная терапия 56

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Гильбоа-Шехтман Е.
PhD, руководитель лаборатории эмоционального процессинга департамента психологии и Многопрофильного центра изучения мозга Гонда, Университет имени Бар-Илан, Рамат-Ган, Израиль
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2831-5835
e-mail: evagilboa@gmail.com

Азулай Р.
магистр (психология) департамента психологии и Многопрофильного центра изучения мозга Гонда, Университет Бар-Илан, Рамат-Ган, Израиль
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7104-0067
e-mail: royazoulay87@gmail.com

Аннотация

Социальное тревожное расстройство (СТР) является распространенным заболеванием, негативно влияющим на самоощущение и межличностное функционирование человека. Опираясь на когнитивные, но интегрирующие межличностные и эволюционные модели СТР в качестве нашей теоретической базы, мы рассматриваем основные процессы, провоцирующие это расстройство (например, сосредоточенное на себе внимание, мысленные образы, избегание), а также методы лечения, направленные на изменение таких процессов (например, экспозиционная терапия, модификация внимания, рескриптинг). Мы рассматриваем когнитивно-поведенческую терапию (КПТ) как объединение нескольких методов лечения в «набор» вмешательств. Далее мы рассматриваем существующие эмпирические данные об эффективности КПТ. Несмотря на то, что КПТ получила наибольшую поддержку в сравнении с другими заслуживающими доверия вмешательствами, мы предполагаем, что многие проблемы с лечением остаются нерешенными. В статье также обсуждаются способы повышения эффективности КПТ при СТР. В частности, мы подчеркиваем необходимость (а) прояснения сложной взаимосвязи между базовыми процессами и методами, (б) продвижения персонализированных вмешательств и (в) включения более разнообразного и комплексного подхода к оценке результатов терапии.

Ключевые слова: социальная тревожность, изменения поведения, когнитивные искажения, методы психотерапии, вмешательства

Рубрика: Теоретические исследования

Тип: научная статья

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2022110201

Финансирование. Представленное исследование было профинансировано Израильским научным фондом, 740-15, на имя Евы Гильбоа-Шехтман.

Получена: 16.05.2021

Принята в печать: 17.05.2022

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