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Клиническая и специальная психология

Издатель: Московский государственный психолого-педагогический университет

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

Лицензия: CC BY-NC 4.0

Издается с 2012 года

Периодичность: 4 номера в год

Формат: сетевое издание

Язык журнала: русский, английский

Доступ к электронным архивам: открытый

 

Психопатология личности и роль самосострадания * 11

|

Сорем Э.Б.
магистр психологии, научный сотрудник, Государственный университет Сэма Хьюстона, Хантсвилл, США
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3128-2314
e-mail: emily.brooke.sorem@gmail.com

Прибе К.М.
магистр психологии, научный сотрудник, Государственный университет Сэма Хьюстона, Хантсвилл, США
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0409-5417
e-mail: kmp070@shsu.edu

Андерсон Дж.Л.
PhD, научный сотрудник, профессор, Государственный университет Сэма Хьюстона, Хантсвилл, США
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9840-3726
e-mail: jla068@shsu.edu

Аннотация

В предыдущих исследованиях изучалась взаимосвязь между определенными расстройствами личности (PDs) и самосостраданием. Однако в этой области были разработаны новые методы оценки и диагностики психопатологии личности, и предыдущие исследования не касались альтернативной модели расстройств личности (AMPD) DSM-5. Текущее исследование направлено на изучение связей между самосостраданием и психопатологией личности с использованием подхода к оценке и диагностике, основанного на эмпирических данных. В исследовании используется Шкала самосострадания Кристин Нефф (SCS) в дополнение к критерию А (элементы личностного функционирования) и критерию В (черты патологической личности) альтернативной модели расстройств личности, чтобы обнаружить ассоциации между расстройством личности и самосостраданием. Результаты показали, что существует высокая корреляция между идентичностью и самосостраданием, а также что самосострадание и его компоненты умеренно негативно связаны с большинством личностных черт альтернативной модели расстройств личности. Полученные результаты могут помочь в разработке методов лечения людей с расстройством личности, а также обеспечить поддержку основанной на эмпирических данных гибридной размерно-категориальной модели оценки личности. cамосострадание, эмпатия, психопатология личности, альтернативная модель расстройств личности, DSM-5

* Данные, использованные для этого проекта, а также дополнительные материалы находятся в открытом доступе по ссылке: https://osf.io/49sdc/?view_only=31a7040ebd3244d7b815d060ea51d256

Ключевые слова: самосострадание, эмпатия, психопатология, личность, расстройства личности, модель, DSM-5

Рубрика: Эмпирические исследования

Тип: научная статья

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2022110203

Финансирование. Представленное исследование было профинансировано студенческим исследовательским грантом Общества оценки личности (SPA).

Благодарности. Авторы благодарят Т.Ю. Иванову за помощь в сборе данных.

Получена: 02.05.2021

Принята в печать: 30.04.2022

Ссылка для цитирования

Дополнительные материалы

Appendix 1

 

Descriptive and Inferential Statistics for SCS, PID-5-SF, and LPFS

 

 

Undergraduate

Community

 

a

M

SD

a

M

SD

SCS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Self-kindness vs. Self-judgment

.90

3.02

.93

.87

2.71

.81

Common humanity vs. Isolation

.83

3.12

.86

.78

3.01

.76

Mindfulness vs. Overidentification

.87

3.24

.90

.76

3.01

.72

SCS total

.95

3.13

.85

.93

2.91

.70

PID-5-SF

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antagonism

.90

.56

.54

.84

.35

.39

Manipulative

.80

.69

.65

.76

.47

.55

Deceitfulness

.80

.53

.62

.67

.36

.47

Grandiosity

.85

.48

.64

.71

.24

.40

Attention Seeking

.84

.72

.72

.90

.88

.81

Callousness

.85

.35

.57

.84

.20

.41

Detachment

.90

.76

.63

.86

.70

.56

Withdrawal

.84

.99

.78

.76

.84

.66

Intimacy Avoidance

.85

.59

.71

.83

.61

.73

Anhedonia

.90

.72

.81

.72

.66

.77

Depressivity

.90

.53

.76

.90

.46

.71

Restrict Affect

.79

2.04

.72

.83

2.22

.74

Suspiciousness

.77

.74

.70

.67

.70

.60

Disinhibition

.90

.72

.60

.88

.75

.57

Irresponsibility

.74

.41

.56

.63

.26

.42

Impulsivity

.88

.75

.74

.90

.65

.78

Distractibility

.90

1.00

.85

.89

1.33

.92

Risk Taking

.87

.63

.68

.78

.64

.61

Rigid Perfectionism

.82

2.01

.76

.86

1.92

.84

Negative Affectivity

.91

1.01

.70

.90

1.29

.71

Emotional Lability

.88

.79

.77

.85

1.05

.86

Anxiousness

.90

1.33

.94

.84

1.65

.85

Separation Insecurity

.82

.91

.80

.85

1.17

.89

Submissiveness

.85

1.12

.75

.83

1.03

.74

Hostility

.86

.73

.77

.83

.86

.77

Perseverance

.84

.95

.75

.81

.90

.73

Psychoticism

.90

.62

.60

.84

.56

.50

Unusual Beliefs & Experiences

.76

.53

.64

.62

.48

.57

Eccentricity

.89

.99

.91

.88

.93

.86

Perceptual Dysregulation

.76

.33

.52

.60

.26

.40

LPFS

 

 

 

 

 

 

LPFS_Identity

.87

80.94

24.17

.84

84.92

21.88

LPFS_Self-direction

.83

55.59

18.27

.81

56.71

17.37

LPFS_Empathy

.77

40.24

13.30

.74

38.53

11.59

LPFS_Intimacy

.86

65.43

21.21

.80

66.46

18.69

LPFS_Total

.95

241.75

69.33

.93

246.36

59.90

 

Notes. PID-5-SF — Personality Inventory of DSM-5 Short Form; LPFS — Level of Personality Functioning. Significant alpha values are presented in boldface font.

 

Appendix 2

 

Pearson Correlations for SCS and AMPD Criterion A: LPFS controlling for age

 

SelfKind_SelfJ

ComHum_Isol

Mindf_Overid

SCS total

LPFS_Identity

-.60*/-.58*

-.63*/-.62*

-.66*/-.59*

-.67*/-.65*

LPFS_Self-direction

-.40*/-.38*

-.47*/-.36*

-.49*/-.49*

-.48*/-.44*

LPFS_Empathy

-.33*/-.31*

-.41*/-.29*

-.42*/-.42*

-.41*/-.37*

LPFS_Intimacy

-.37*/-.33*

-.46*/-.37*

-.46*/-.46*

-.46*/-.42*

LPFS_Total

-.48*/-.48*

-.56*/-.49*

-.57*/-.57*

-.57*/-.55*

 

Notes. SelfKind_SelfJ — Self-kindness vs. Self-judgment; ComHum_Isol — Common humanity vs. Isolation; Mindf_Overid — Mindfulness vs. Overidentification); LPFS — Level of Personality Functioning The correlations prior to the slash represent the community sample and the correlations following the slash represent the undergraduate sample. Significant values are presented in boldface font; * — correlations that met the threshold for the Bonferroni correction.

 


 

Appendix 3

 

Pearson Correlations for SCS and AMPD Criterion B: PID-5-SF controlling for age

 

SelfKind_SelfJ

ComHum_Isol

Mindf_Overid

SCS total

Antagonism

-.09/-.06

-.12/-.03

-.17/-.12

-.14/-.07

Manipulative

-.02/-.10

-.00/-.02

-.02/-.14

-.00/-.09

Deceitfulness

-.16/-.18

-.21*/-.15

-.26*/-.21

-.23*/-.20

Grandiosity

.02/.05

-.06/-.02

-.10/-.08

-.06/-.01

Attention Seeking

-.08/-.11

-.07/-.10

-.17/-.20

-.11/-.14

Callousness

-.14/-.10

-.16/-.11

-.15/-.15

-.16/-.13

Detachment

-.53*/-.51*

-.49*/-.46*

-.52*/-.45*

-.55*/-.52*

Withdrawal

-.46*/-.44*

-.43*/-.47*

-.43*/-.40*

-.47*/-.48*

Intimacy Avoidance

-.20/-.23

-.15/-.15

-.18/-.15

-.19/-.20

Anhedonia

-.58*/-.51*

-.56*/-.48*

-.59*/-.47*

-.62*/-.53*

Depressivity

-.53*/-.50*

-.53*/-.53*

-.54*/-.47*

-.58*/-.55*

Restricted Affectivity

-.05/.15

-.01/.12

-.07/-.02

-.01/.09

Suspiciousness

-.40*/-.37*

-.43*/-.37*

-.44*/-.47*

-.46*/-.43*

Disinhibition

-.44*/-.29*

-.42*/-.23

-.51*/-.44*

-.49*/-.34*

Irresponsibility

-.27*/-.16

-.24*/-.12

-.30*/-.28

-.29*/-.20

Impulsivity

-.27*/-.28*

-.24*/-.22

-.37*/-.35*

-.32*/-.31*

Distractibility

-.49*/-.34*

-.43*/-.29*

-.49*/-.40*

-.51*/-.37*

Risk Taking

-.04/-.05

-.06/-.00

-.09/-.14

-.06/-.07

Rigid Perfectionism

.38*/.30*

.27*/.34*

.38*/.31*

.37*/.34*

Negative Affectivity

-.65*/-.47*

-.60*/-.43*

-.73*/-.60*

-.70*/-.54*

Emotional Lability

-.40*/-.40*

-.37*/-.37*

-.54*/-.54*

-.57*/-.47*

Anxiousness

-.66*/-.49*

-.60*/-.45*

-.70*/-.52*

-.70*/-.53*

Separation Insecurity

-.38*/-.42*

-.34*/-.32*

-.46*/-.51*

-.42*/-.45*

Submissiveness

-.39*/-.31*

-.36*/-.28

-.44*/-.26

-.42*/-.31*

Hostility

-.46*/-.36*

-.40*/-.37*

-.56*/-.43*

-.51*/-.42*

Perseverance

-.47*/-.46*

-.45*/-.37*

-.56*/-.47*

-.53*/-.47*

Psychoticism

-.31*/-.12

-.30*/-.16

-.36*/-.15

-.35*/-.16

Unusual Beliefs & Experiences

-.18*/-.05

-.15/-.09

-.21/-.05

-.19/-.07

Eccentricity

-.34*/-.19

-.33*/-.24

-.37*/-.17

-.37*/-.22

Perceptual Dysregulation

-.16/.00

-.18*/-.06

-.20*/-.09

-.19*/-.05

 

Note. SelfKind_SelfJ — Self-kindness vs. Self-judgment; ComHum_Isol — Common humanity vs. Isolation; Mindf_Overid — Mindfulness vs. Overidentification); PID-5-SF — Personality Inventory of DSM-5 Short Form. The correlations prior to the slash represent the community sample and the correlations following the slash represent the undergraudate sample. Significant values are presented in boldface font;
* — correlations that met the threshold for the Bonferroni correction.

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