Methods of Correction of Anxiety and Fears in Preschool Children

599

Abstract

The article presents the experience of using various techniques to anxiety and fears reduction in children 5–6 years in one of the pre-school educational institutions in the city of Vladimir. The survey involved 25 children of the older group of kindergarten, was used techniques: “Anxiety Test” (R. Temml, M.Dorky, V. Amen), drawing test “House”. The authors discussed with each child individually the features of the picture (its color, shape, who lives in the house). According to the results of the study, consultations were held with parents. The project “Long live friendship, cheers!” was developed and implemented. The aim was to unite the children’s team and restore friendly communication between children. Several classes of individual correctional work were conducted not only with children, but also with parents of pupils with very high and high levels of anxiety. The survey and the program led to conclusions about the need for more detailed education of parents in the field of interaction with the child, since most of the identified fears were laid in the process of family communication at the age of 2.5 to 4 years.

General Information

Keywords: children’s anxiety, fear correction, harmonization of parent-child relations, psychological atmosphere in the family

Journal rubric: Scientific and Methodological Support for the Professional Activities of Teacher-Psychologists

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/bppe.2019160206

For citation: Shakhvorostova T.V. Methods of Correction of Anxiety and Fears in Preschool Children [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya = Bulletin of Psychological Practice in Education, 2019. Vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 42–46. DOI: 10.17759/bppe.2019160206. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Koljagina V.G. Art_terapevticheskie metody psikhokorrektsionnoi raboty po normalizatsii emotsional’no-lichnostnoi sfery doshkol’nikov s narusheniem rechi [Elektronnyj resurs] [Art_therapeutic methods of psychocorrectional work on normalization of emotional and personal sphere of preschool children with speech disorders]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial’naya psikhologiya [Clinical and Special Psychology], 2015. Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 98–114. URL: http://psyjournals.ru/psyclin/2015/n2/Kolyagina.shtml (Accessed 11.08.2019).
  2. Emel’yanova E.L. [i dr.] Korrektsiya trevozhnosti u detei starshego doshkol’nogo vozrasta (s ispol’zovaniem pesochnoi terapii) [Correction anxiety in children of preschool age (with the use of sand therapy)]. Uchenye zapiski Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo instituta psikhologii i sotsial’noi raboty [Scientific Notes of Saint-Petersburg State Institute of Psychology and Social Work], 2015. Vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 30–38.
  3. Kochetova Ju.A. Psikhologicheskaya korrektsiya detskikh strakhov [Elektronnyj resurs] [Psychological correction of children’s fears]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie psyedu.ru [Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru], 2012, no. 1. URL: http://psyjournals.ru/files/50825/psyedu_ru_2012_1_Kochetova.pdf (Accessed 11.08.2019).
  4. Panfilova M.A. Igroterapiya obshcheniya: testy i korrektsionnye igry. Prakticheskoe posobie dlya psikhologov, pedagogov i roditelei. [Game therapy of communication: tests and correctional games. Practical guide for psychologists, teachers and parents]. Moscow: Gnom i D, 2002, pp. 61–63.
  5. Panfilova M.A. Klinicheskii psikholog v rabote s det’mi razlichnykh patologii (s zaderzhkoi psikhicheskogo razvitiya i s khronicheskimi somaticheskimi zabolevaniyami) [Elektronnyj resurs] [Clinical psychologist in work with children of various pathologies (with mental retardation and chronic somatic diseases)]. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii: elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal [Medical Psychology in Russia: electron. sci. journal], 2011, no. 6. URL: http:// medpsy.ru (Accessed 11.08.2019).
  6. Shakhvorostova T.V., Zobkov A.V., Pisnenko A.G. Metodika korrektsii destruktivnykh konstruktov povedeniya cheloveka sredstvami analiza semeinykh stsenariev i mifov [Methods of correction of destructive constructs of human behavior by means of analysis of family scenarios and myths]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.A. Nekrasova. Seriya: Pedagogika. Psikhologiya. Sotsial’naya rabota. Yuvenologiya. Sotsiokinetika [Bulletin of Kostroma State University named after N.A. Nekrasov. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Social work. Juvenology. Sociokinetics], 2016. Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 63–68.

Information About the Authors

T. V. Shakhvorostova, PhD in Psychology, Assistant of the Department “General and pedagogical psychology”, Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Russia, e-mail: eugenij96@rambler.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1693
Previous month: 15
Current month: 12

Downloads

Total: 599
Previous month: 4
Current month: 3