The Scale of Personal Maturity of the Child



The article presents the full and short versions of the new technique "Scale of personal maturity of the child", designed to assess the personality development of children aged 2 to 7 years. Full version of the questionnaire consists of 42 items; short version consists of 13 items. A survey of 614 children with typical development aged from 24 months to 83 months, revealed a high internal consistency of the items full and short versions of the questionnaire with Cronbach's alpha values of 0.965 and 0.953 respectively. Factor analysis of the data showed that single-factor (holistic) model of personality structure is the best.

General Information

Keywords: personal development, personal maturity, questionnaire, early age, preschool age

Journal rubric: Methods and Techniques

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Avaeva V., Gromova Y., Kazmin A.M., Kolupaeva O., Salnikova O. The Scale of Personal Maturity of the Child [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2014. Vol. 3, no. 3 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Egorov A.V., Zaharenko N.V., Kaz'min A.M., Firsova L.V. Lichnost' i dostijeniya doshkol'nikov s tipichnym razvitiem i umstvennoi otstalost'yu [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya. 2012. №3. URL: (data obrascheniya: 24.07.2014)
  2. Dugina O.V., Egorov A.V., Kazakov A.M., Kaz'min A.M., Firsova L.V. Pilotajnoe issledovanie funkcional'nosti, dostijenii i faktorov lichnosti u starshih doshkol'nikov s tipichnym i atipichnym razvitiem [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya. 2012. №4. URL: (data obrascheniya: 24.07.2014)
  3. Grist C.L., McCord D.M. (2010) Individual Differences in Preschool Children: Temperament or Personality?  Infant and Child Development. Published online in Wiley InterScience ( DOI: 10.1002
  4. Grist C.L., Socha A., McCord D.M. (2012) The M5-PS-35: A Five-Factor Personality Questionnaire for Preschool Children. J. of Personality Assessment, 94(3), 287-29
  5. Fortenberry C.L., Grist C.L., McCord D.M. (2011) Personality Trait Differences between Typically Developing Children and those Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Individual Differences Research, Vol. 9, No. 2
  6. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version. Geneva: World Health Organization  (2007)
  7. McCrae, R.R., & Costa, P.T. (1996). Toward a new generation of personality theories: Theoretical contexts for the five-factor model. In J. S. Wiggins (Ed.), The Five-Factor model of personality: Theoretical Perspectives (pp. 51-87). New York: The Guilford Press.
  8. Scheck A.M., L. Malesky A., Cathy J., Grist L., McCord D. M. (2010) Personality in Preschool Children: Preliminary Psychometrics of the M5-PS Questionnaire, American Journal of Psychological Reseach, Volume 6, Number 1.
  9. Simeonsson R.J. Development of the child and youth version of ICF, ICF- CY. Nordic-Baltic ICF conference Oslo 4.- 5. June 2007
  10. Tackett J.L., Slobodskaya H.R., Mar R.A., Deal J., Halverson C.F.J., Baker S.R., Pavlopoulos V., Besevegis E. (2012) The hierarchical structure of childhood personality in five countries: continuity from early childhood to early adolescence. Journal of  Personality, V. 80, N. 4

Information About the Authors

V. Avaeva, graduate, Moscow State Psychological and Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Y. Gromova, Moscow state educational institution combined-type kindergarten №288, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Aleksandr M. Kazmin, PhD in Medicine, Professor, Department of Neuro and Pathopsychology of Development, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

O. Kolupaeva, , methodist, State educational institution of the city of Moscow Center for psychological, medical and social support “Lekoteka”, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

O. Salnikova, the head of unit, the State educational institution of the city of Moscow Secondary School № 1125, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 2499
Previous month: 9
Current month: 2


Total: 1625
Previous month: 8
Current month: 1