Receptive Language in Primary-School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

652

Abstract

The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship between the receptive language, and the index of non-verbal intelligence and the level of severity of autistic disorders in primary-school-aged children with Autism spectrum disorder. One of the main areas influenced by autistic disorders is communication. Therefore, the study of the language abilities of such children and factors that affect them provides a better approach to the therapy and education. The sample included 50 children aged 7–11 years diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. Children were tested using the KORABLIK method (basic linguistic skills), the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (KABC-II) or the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children ― Third Edition (WISC-III) (non-verbal intelligence), the Autism Diagnosis Observation Schedule ― Second Edition (ADOS-II) (autistic traits). The results support the hypothesis of the relationship between receptive language skills, the index of non-verbal intelligence, and symptoms of autism. The severity of autistic traits is negatively associated with some phonological and lexical levels of the receptive speech, as well as with understanding of discourse. The non-verbal intelligence index is positively associated with speech comprehension at all levels. A specific feature of receptive language in children with Autism spectrum disorder aged 7–11 years is the uneven development, which is associated with the severity of autistic traits and is not associated with the intelligence level.

General Information

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, language comprehension, verbal communication, intelligence, cognitive development, primary school age

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2021100407

Funding. The research was carried out within the state assignment of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation (theme No. 073-00041-21-05 from, 14.07.2021) "Comprehensive support for children with ASD based on evidence-based approach"

Received: 05.10.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Pereverzeva D.S., Mamokhina U.A., Davydova E.Y., Lopukhina A.A., Arutiunian V.G., Khaustov A.V. Receptive Language in Primary-School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2021. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 137–161. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2021100407. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Darya S. Pereverzeva, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher of the Federal Resource Center for Organization of Comprehensive Support to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6881-3337, e-mail: dasha.pereverzeva@gmail.com

Ulyana A. Mamokhina, Junior Researcher of the scientific laboratory of the Federal Resource Center for the Organization of Comprehensive Support to Children with ASD, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2738-7201, e-mail: uliana.mamokhina@gmail.com

Elizaveta Y. Davydova, PhD in Biology, Associate Professor, Leading Researcher, Federal Resource Center for Organization of Comprehensive Support to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Associate Professor of the Department of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology Faculty of “Clinical and Special Psychology”, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5192-5535, e-mail: el-davydova@mail.ru

Anastasiya A. Lopukhina, PhD in Philology, Research Fellow of the Center for Language and Brain, National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE University), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2283-1644, e-mail: alopukhina@hse.ru

Vardan G. Arutiunian, Junior Research Fellow of the Center for Language and Brain, National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE University), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9417-0913, e-mail: varutiunian@hse.ru

Arthur V. Khaustov, PhD in Education, Director of the Federal Resources Center for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9634-9295, e-mail: arch2@mail.ru

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