Relationships with Mother and Peers in Pre-Adolescent Children with Insulin-Dependent Diabetes

98

Abstract

The paper examines the relationship of children with insulin-dependent diabetes (type 1 diabetes) with their mother and peers. The study involved 30 children aged 10–12 years (M=11.26; SD=0.69), and their mothers. 14 mother–child pairs formed the experimental group of children with type 1 diabetes; 16 mother–child pairs were included in the control group. The methods used were "Parent-child interaction"; the "Family relationship test"; the "My usual day with a child" essay; the "My usual day with mom" conversation with the child; the "Features of interaction with the parent" questionnaire for teachers; the "Features of communication of the child" questionnaire for teachers and educators; a modified version of the "Unfinished sentences" methodology. The results of the study suggest that control, exactingness, guardianship on the part of the mother can act as a way of coping with the situation of the child's illness. Mothers of children with diabetes are more focused on their own feelings and experiences; the main target of their concern is the health and education of the child. It is noted that children with diabetes, when interacting with peers, more often than healthy peers, demonstrate conformity, a friendly or neutral attitude, preferring to avoid situations of conflict or to solve them with the help of an adult. The links between the low competence of a child with type 1 diabetes in the ability to negotiate with peers, take leadership positions, and a "cooperating" relationship with the mother were revealed. Maternal control and hyper-indulgence in relation to healthy children is associated with a low level of interaction of the child with peers, his ability to solve communicative tasks.

General Information

Keywords: type 1 diabetes, child-mother relationships, relationships with peers, pre-adolescence

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2023120306

Received: 26.07.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Sabitova R.A., Bulygina M.V. Relationships with Mother and Peers in Pre-Adolescent Children with Insulin-Dependent Diabetes [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2023. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 121–140. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2023120306. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Vovnenko K.B. Diagnostika emotsional'nykh i povedencheskikh problem detei mladshego shkol'nogo vozrasta, bol'nykh sakharnym diabetom pervogo tipa [The diagnostic of the deviant development of primary school aged children being ill with diabetes mellitus]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, Vol 1. no. 4. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/journals/psyedu/archive/2009_n4/Vovnenko (Accessed 24.07.2023) (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  2. Vygotskii L.S. K psikhologii i pedagogike detskoi defektivnosti [Towards the psychology and pedagogy of infantile defectiveness] Al'manakh instituta korrektsionnoi pedagogiki = Almanac Institute of Special Education, 2019, no. 39. URL: https://alldef.ru/ru/articles/almanah-39/the-psychology-andpedagogy-of-child-efektivnosti (Accessed: 13.10.2023). (In Russ.).
  3. Galasyuk I.N. Roditel'stvo osobogo rebenka: spetsifika smyslov i zrelost' roditel'skoi pozitsii [Parenthood of a special child: Specification of the meanings and the maturity of parental disposition] Sovremennye issledovaniya sotsial'nykh problem (elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal) = Modern Research of Social Problems, 2015, no. 9, pp. 627–643. DOI: 10.12731/2218-7405-2015-9-48. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  4. Kireeva T.I., Kovshova O.S. Detsko-roditel'skie otnosheniya v sem'yakh podrostkov, stradayushchikh sakharnym diabetom pervogo tipa, kak faktor formirovaniya otnosheniya k bolezni [Parent-child relationships in families of adolescents with diabetes of the first type, as the factor of formation of attitude to the disease]. Nevrologicheskii vestnik = Neurology Bulletin. 2019. Vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 51–56. URL: https://journals.eco-vector.com/1027-4898/article/view/15640/pdf (Accessed: 13.10.2023) (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Kolomiets I.L. Emotsional'nye i povedencheskie kharakteristiki detei s sakharnym diabetom i ikh materei. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii (elektronnyi nauchnyi zhurnal), 2012, no. 5 (16). URL: http://mprj.ru/archiv_global/2012_5_16/nomer/nomer06.php (Accessed: 13.10.2023) (In Russ.).
  6. Lifintseva A.A., Kholmogorova A.B. Semeinye faktory psikhosomaticheskikh rasstroistv u detei i podrostkov [Family factors of psychosomatic disorders in children and adolescents]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2015. Vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 70–83. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  7. Mavlyanova O.V. Faktory transformatsii nekonstruktivnykh form agressivnogo povedeniya v konstruktivnye [Factors of transformation of unconstructive forms of aggressive behavior into constructive]. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education. 2011. Vol. 3, no. 4. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/journals/psyedu/archive/2011_n4/48752 (Accessed: 13.10.2023). (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  8. Markovkaya I.V. Oprosnik dlya izucheniya vzaimodeistviya roditelei s det'mi. Semeinaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya, 1999, 2. pp. 94–109. (In Russ.).
  9. Markovkaya I.V. O vozmozhnostyakh primeneniya testa semeinykh otnoshenii v psikhologicheskoi konsul'tatsii. Semeinaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya, 1999, no. 2, 42–50. (In Russ.).
  10. Mosina E.S. Psikhologicheskaya podderzhka i soprovozhdenie semei, imeyushchikh rebenka s sakharnym diabetom 1 tipa, metodami integrativnoi skazkoterapii na nachal'nom etape zabolevaniya [Psychological support and follow-up for families who have a child suffering from diabetes mellitus, Type 1 via integrative fairytale therapy at the initial stage of the disease]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial'naya psikhologiya = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2014. Vol. 3, no. 4. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/journals/cpse/archive/2014_n4/cpse_2014_n4_Mosina.pdf (Accessed: 13.10.2023). (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  11. Motovilin O.G., Saverskaya E.N., Khairov R.R. Deti s sakharnym diabetom i sotsial'nyi mir: problemy i vozmozhnosti (sotsial'naya ozdorovitel'no-obrazovatel'naya programma «Diabet. Tantsy. Deti») [Children with diabetes and the social world: Problems and opportunities (social health and educational program “Diabetes. Dances. Children”). Meditsinskii sovet = Medical Council, 2022. Vol. 16 (12), pp. 71–84. DOI: 10.21518/2079-701X-2022-16-12-71-84. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  12. Sedlachkova D., Kantor I. Zhivoi opyt inklyuzivnogo obrazovaniya: tematicheskoe issledovanie na primere podrostka s diabetom, ego materi i uchitelya [The lived experience with inclusive education: A case study of a teenager with diabetes, his mother, and his teacher]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial'naya psikhologiya = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 183–220. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2021100211 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  13. Yakimanskaya, I.S. Predstavlenie o bolezni i kharakter detsko-roditel'skikh otnoshenii v sem'yakh podrostkov, stradayushchikh sakharnym diabetom 1 tipa [Idea about the disease and the natureof parent-child relations in families of adolescents with diabetes 1 type] Voprosy psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya detei i podrostkov = Journal of Mental Health of Children and Adolescent, Vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 95–99. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  14. Cardinali P., Rapetti E., Migliorini L. Fear of hypoglycemia in Italian mothers of children with type 1 diabetes: The mediating role of resilience. Health Psychology Research, Vol. 9 (1), Article 27439. DOI: 10.52965/001c.27439
  15. Doe E. An analysis of the relationships between peer support and diabetes outcomes in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 23 (10), pp. 1356–1366. DOI: 10.1177/1359105316656228
  16. Haegele J.A., Holland S.K., Hill E. Understanding parents’ experiences with children with type 1 diabetes: A qualitative inquiry. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 19 (1), article 554. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19010554
  17. Hannonen R., Aunola K., Eklund K. et al. Maternal parenting styles and glycemic control in children with type 1 diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 16 (2), article 214. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16020214
  18. Jones C.M., Foli K.J. Maturity in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: A Concept Analysis, Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 2018. Vol. 42. DOI: 10.1016/j.pedn.2018.07.004
  19. Ladd J.M., Reeves-Latour J., Dasgupta K. et al. Toward a better understanding of transition from paediatric to adult care in type 1 diabetes: A qualitative study of adolescents. Diabetic Medicine: A Journal of the British Diabetic Association, Vol. 39 (5), e14781. DOI: 10.1111/dme.14781
  20. Núñez-Baila M.d.l.Á., Gómez-Aragón A.; González-López J.R. Social support and peer group integration of adolescents with diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 18, article 2064. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18042064
  21. Ogle G.D., Wang F., Gregory G.A., Maniam J. Type 1 diabetes numbers in children and adults. IDF ATLAS REPORTS, 2022. URL: https://diabetesatlas.org/atlas/t1d-index-2022/ (дата обращения: 13.10.2023).
  22. Ortiz-Domenech S., Cumba-Avilés E. Diabetes-related stigma among adolescents: Emotional self-efficacy, aggressiveness, self-care, and barriers to treatment compliance. Salud Conducta Humana, Vol. 8 (1), pp. 82–96.
  23. Pendley J.S., Kasmen L.J., Miller D.L. et al. Peer and family support in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 2002. Vol. 27 (5), pp. 429–438. DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/27.5.429

Information About the Authors

Roza . Sabitova, Educational Psychologist, Center for Pedagogic Excellence, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0003-8513-4795, e-mail: roze_s@mail.ru

Maria V. Bulygina, PhD in Psychology, associate professor at the chair of child and family psychotherapy department of psychological counseling, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4459-0914, e-mail: buluginamv@mgppu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 216
Previous month: 26
Current month: 23

Downloads

Total: 98
Previous month: 14
Current month: 17