Personalization in education: from programmed to adaptive learning



Adaptive learning is a learning service that adapts quickly and continuously to the individual characteristics of students. Our study is a literature review that includes a brief analysis of the history of development, the main modern approaches and methods of implementation, the educational potential of adaptive platforms and the directions of the future development of adaptive learning. The literature review allowed us to describe and analyze the main stages of learning development: from programmable to adaptive. Its results are aimed at helping researchers and developers gain a general and comprehensive understanding of adaptive learning and its development trends.

General Information

Keywords: adaptive learning, programmed learning, a review of the literature, adaptive learning platform

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology and Pedagogical Psychology

Article type: review article


Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR), project number № 19-113-50415

For citation: Kravchenko D.A., Bleskina I.A., Kalyaeva E.N., Zemlyakova E.A., Abbakumov D.F. Personalization in education: from programmed to adaptive learning [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sovremennaia zarubezhnaia psikhologiia = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020. Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 34–46. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2020090303. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Daria A. Kravchenko, Master’s in Psychology, , National Research University Higher School of Economics, ORCID:, e-mail:

Irina A. Bleskina, Master's in Business Informatics, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Ekaterina N. Kalyaeva, Degree in Sociology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Elizaveta A. Zemlyakova, Bachelor's in History, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Dmitry F. Abbakumov, PhD in Educational Sciences, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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