Personality Development Features of Children Raised under Conditions of Maternal Deprivation



The article presents findings of a multi-year multifaceted research on intellectual, affective-need, and volitional spheres of orphans’ development. The findings are interpreted from a perspective of the concept of personality development by L.I. Bozhovich. They indicate the underdevelopment of internal mechanisms of mediation, development of which creates the possibility of transition from reactive to active, free behavior. The latter, in its turn, determines the main path of personality development. The study materials show how exactly “reactivity, rather than activity” of behavior is manifested in school aged children that are brought up in an orphanage while they solve intellectual problems, when they communicate with adults and peers, in situation of arbitrary regulation of behavior, in their motivation and Self-concept. The features of personality and behavior are viewed as various types of protective formations which ensure adaptation to conditions of children’s closed institution, but also impede development of an active person.

General Information

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

For citation: Prihozhan A.M., Tolstykh N.N. Personality Development Features of Children Raised under Conditions of Maternal Deprivation. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2009. Vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 5–12. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Anna M. Prihozhan, Doctor of Psychology, Professor at the Developmental Psychology Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Senior Researcher at the Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia

Nataliia N. Tolstykh, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Division Head of the Social Psychology of Development, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Editor-in-Chief of the International Scientific Publication Social Psychology and Society, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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