The zone of proximal development in play and learning



The concept of the ZPD is characterized in a different way in two separate contexts (school and play) in Vygotsky's cultural-historical psychology. Creative and motivational aspect of learning is emphasized in development supported by play. In play context personality development is focused on and development of psychological functions in problem solving at school. We proposed an extended concept of the ZPD, which integrates the two definitions and includes an additional distance from potentials to personality changes. In play development from the crisis of the third year to the next crisis at seven we suggest three different types of the ZPD depending on the play initiatives.

Общая информация

Ключевые слова: зона ближайшего развития, игра, обучение

Рубрика издания: Возрастная психология

Тип материала: научная статья

Для цитаты: Хаккарайнен П., Бредиките М. The zone of proximal development in play and learning // Культурно-историческая психология. 2008. Том 4. № 4. С. 2–11.


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Информация об авторах

Хаккарайнен Пентти, PhD, главный редактор Journal of Russian and East European Psychology (Журнала российской и восточноевропейской психологии). Эмерит-профессор, Университет Оулу, Оулу, Финляндия, ORCID:, e-mail:

Бредиките Милда, PhD, старший научный сотрудник, доцент, Университет Витовта Великого, Вильнюс, Литва, ORCID:, e-mail:



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