В поисках методологии обучения дисциплинам на английском языке в вузе

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Аннотация

Английский язык как средство обучения — преподавание/изучение научных дисциплин на академическом английском языке в университете — приобретает все большую популярность во всех странах мира, невзирая на отсутствие консенсуса в отношении концептуализации феномена и применимых к нему принципов преподавания, а также несмотря на множество практических вызовов, с которыми сталкиваются преподаватели и студенты в аудиториях. Именно эти вызовы подтолкнули ряд исследователей образования высказать опасения по поводу потенциально негативного влияния англоязычных программ на освоение содержания научной дисциплины и, как следствие, на качество получаемого образования в целом. Разработанные и предлагаемые в настоящее время методологические и педагогические подходы к данному феномену в основном опираются на прикладную лингвистику, что и логично, учитывая, что обучение проходит на иностранном (неродном) для преподавателей и студентов языке. Однако в данной статье, опираясь на диалектическое единство речи (слова) и сознания (мышления), а также недавние примеры успешного применения идей Л.С. Выготского в обучении иностранному языку, мы предлагаем расширить теоретический подход, используя симбиоз двух теорий — культурно-исторической и системно-функциональной лингвистики. Статья смещает акцент с наиболее исследованной темы в изучении феномена — английского языка — на процесс обучения с целью предложить потенциальное методологическое и педагогическое решение существующих противоречий.

Общая информация

Ключевые слова: культурно-историческая психология, системно-функциональная лингвистика (СФЛ), предметно-языковое интегрированное обучение (CLIL), английский язык как средство обучения

Рубрика издания: Проблемы культурно-исторической и деятельностной психологии

Тип материала: научная статья

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/chp.2021170307

Благодарности. Автор благодарит Вересова Николая Николаевича за постоянную поддержку.

Для цитаты: Бельская Т.В. В поисках методологии обучения дисциплинам на английском языке в вузе // Культурно-историческая психология. 2021. Том 17. № 3. С. 42–50. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2021170307

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Информация об авторах

Бельская Татьяна Викторовна, старший преподаватель, Российская академия народного хозяйства и государственной службы при Президенте РФ (ФГБОУ ВО РАНХиГС), аспирант, Институт образования, Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики» (ФГАОУ ВО НИУ ВШЭ),, Москва, Россия, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9282-3439, e-mail: tbelskaya@hse.ru

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