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Клиническая и специальная психология

Издатель: Московский государственный психолого-педагогический университет

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

Лицензия: CC BY-NC 4.0

Издается с 2012 года

Периодичность: 4 номера в год

Формат: сетевое издание

Язык журнала: русский, английский

Доступ к электронным архивам: открытый

 

Проведение когнитивно-поведенческой терапии с детьми и подростками с тревожными расстройствами 43

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Патриарка Г.С.
бакалавр (психология), аспирант департамента психологии, Международный университет Флориды, Майами, США
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7282-2407
e-mail: gpatriar@fiu.edu

Петтит Дж.В.
PhD, руководитель департамента психологии, Международный университет Флориды, Майами, США
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7426-9411
e-mail: jpettit@fiu.edu

Сильверман У.К.
PhD, Центр изучения ребенка, Медицинская школа Йельского университета, Нью-Хейвен, США
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4415-4098
e-mail: wendy.silverman@yale.edu

Аннотация

В этой статье представлены введение и обзор когнитивно-поведенческого подхода к лечению тревожных расстройств у детей и подростков. Сначала мы представляем введение в когнитивно-поведенческую концептуализацию тревоги, выделяя тройственную модель эмоций: когниции, физиологическое возбуждение и избегание. Затем мы представляем обзор основных принципов когнитивно-поведенческой терапии тревожных расстройств у детей и подростков, включая генерализованное тревожное расстройство, социальную тревожность, страх разлуки, а также специфические фобии. Затем мы приводим структуру и цели лечения, включая три этапа лечения: психообразование, практическое применение навыков и предотвращение рецидивов. В контексте практического применения мы фокусируемся в первую очередь на стратегиях поведенческой экспозиции (exposure) и когнитивной перестройки. В заключение мы приводим краткое описание различных форматов, в которых может быть реализована когнитивно-поведенческая терапия, включая индивидуальную работу с ребенком, групповой формат, терапию с участием родителей и телемедицину.

Ключевые слова: тревожные расстройства, дети, подростки, когнитивно-поведенческая терапия

Рубрика: Прикладные исследования

Тип: научная статья

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2022110207

Финансирование. Данное исследование было поддержано грантом Национального института психического здоровья (NIMH), грант R01MH119299-01 предоставлен Уэнди К. Сильверман и Джереми В. Петтит.

Получена: 10.08.2021

Принята в печать: 04.05.2022

Ссылка для цитирования

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