Gender Features of Migration Attitudes of Omsk Gifted Schoolchildren with Different Levels of Resilience and Subjective Well-being

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Abstract

The study is aimed at identifying gender characteristics of the connection between resilience and subjective well-being and the migration attitudes of Siberian schoolchildren. The survey involved students of secondary educational institutions in Omsk and Omsk Region (N=461), from 14 to 17 years old (15.5, SD=1.39), 268 (58.1%) girls, 193 (41.9%) boys. Methods of testing and questioning, expert interviews were applied. Research methods: S. Maddy's Hardiness Test adapted by D.A. Leontiev, E.I. Rasskazova; Method of Diagnosing the Subjective Well-being of the Individual by R.M. Shamionov, T.V. Beskova; the Scale of Migratory Attitudes of Personality by S.A. Kuznetsova; the author's questionnaire, which included questions about the socio-demographic characteristics of schoolchildren, their intellectual activity. The obtained results testify to the existence of a connection between hardiness and subjective well-being with the migratory attitudes of intellectually gifted and motivated girls. At the same time, the migratory attitudes of young men are practically not connected with the above-mentioned constructs, regardless of their level of giftedness and activity. In the group of gifted girls, a decrease in hardiness, in particular, control and involvement, as well as subjective, in particular, emotional and ego well-being, leads to an increase in migratory attitudes. In the group of motivated girls, in a similar way, attitudes about migration are associated with control and involvement, subjective well-being. The conclusion is made about the differentiated connection of gender and giftedness with the migration attitudes of schoolchildren, its mediation by the level of their resilience and well-being.

General Information

Keywords: intellectual giftedness, school age, girls and boys, migration behavior, subjective well-being, control, challenge, risk taking, commitment, hardiness, Siberian region

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2023280106

Funding. The study was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) № 22-28-20375, https://rscf.ru/en/project/22-28-20375/, by a grant in the form of a subsidy provided from the budget of the Omsk Region, Agreement No. 22-s.

Received: 26.08.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Potapova Y.V., Malenova A.Y., Malenov A.A., Potapov A.K. Gender Features of Migration Attitudes of Omsk Gifted Schoolchildren with Different Levels of Resilience and Subjective Well-being. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2023. Vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 112–121. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2023280106. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Yulia V. Potapova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Lecturer of the Department of Philosophy and Social and Humanitarian Sciences, Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Omsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1226-8982, e-mail: kardova.jv@gmail.com

Arina Y. Malenova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Psychology, Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Omsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5778-0739, e-mail: malyonova@mail.ru

Alexander A. Malenov, PhD in Psychology, Head, the Educational and Scientific Laboratory, Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Omsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3654-956X, e-mail: malyonov@mail.ru

Alexander K. Potapov, PhD in History, Lecturer, the Secondary Vocational Education Institute, Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Omsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5890-9987, e-mail: poalexk2187@yandex.ru

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