Individual and Social Competence, Personality Factors and Cognitive Abilities of Preschoolers

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Abstract

Authors studied the connections between individual and social competence, personality factors and cognitive abilities of preschool children with typical development, attending kindergarten (N = 54; age 73, 4  6 months, 31 boys and 23 girls). The following method have been used: "Preschool children's educational competence scale», M5-PS, computer cognitive tests. K-means clustering of cases and Mann-Whitney U Test were used. Revealed that children with a high level of individual social competence development were more open to experience minded (p <0,0001), agreeable (p <0,05), conscientious (p <0,01), with higher level of Extraversion (0,001) and also more successful with the cognitive tests for stimulus sequences understanding (p <0,05), logical multiplication usage (p <0,05), emotional expression and situations of social interaction recognition (p <0,05 and p < 0,01). The obtained results may indicate the possible involvement of both personality and cognitive factors in the formation of individual and social competences.

General Information

Keywords: preschool age, individual social competence, personality, cognitive abilities

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Egorov A.V., Kazmin A.M. Individual and Social Competence, Personality Factors and Cognitive Abilities of Preschoolers [Elektronnyi resurs]. Klinicheskaia i spetsial'naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2015. Vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 54–66. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

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Information About the Authors

Aleksandr V. Egorov, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: egorovfamily@gmail.com

Aleksandr M. Kazmin, PhD in Medicine, Professor, Department of Neuro and Pathopsychology of Development, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1748-2574, e-mail: mgppukprd@gmail.com